WHAT IS PROPRIOCEPTION?
Proprioception, a term used frequently in physical therapy, refers to how an individual ”reads” the position, motion and equilibrium of his body parts and the amount of effort employed during movement. You can think of it as the way a body interprets and makes adjustments to the demands of any given moment.
Proprioception is responsible for shifting your balance when you sense the terrain change underfoot or for modulating muscular effort when you need to work harder to get up or down a hill, for example. An athlete with well-developed proprioception has good coordination and quick reflexes and balance control.
Many factors can interfere with proprioception, including over-specialization in any discipline, injury or too many idle daytime hours. For many horses, poor proprioception arises from health problems, stall confinement or exercising exclusively on groomed arena surfaces.