Lao Kaisheng, a professor of education at Beijing Normal University, agreed with Wan, adding that growing numbers of divorced and left-behind families also contributed to the increase, because juveniles could not get timely guidance.
Han Fangli, a member of the Higher People’s Court judicial committee in East China’s Shandong Province, noted an increase in the number of juvenile criminals with psychological problems, such as anxiety and depression, in Shandong in 2017, 017, the China News Service reported in May.
Crimes involvolving minors grew ew by 23.81 percent nt in Shandong last year, according to report.
Stricter laws needed
According to Lao, stricter laws are needed d to prevent juvenile enile crime.
Lao pointed d out that punishment regulations egulations on juvenile criminals nals are not strict and detailed enough, and thus not effective for frightening young people.
“Take school bullying as an example. The issue is still taken as an education issue, for which schools and families should be responsible,” Lao said.
Lao noted that an unclear division of work, power and responsibility among different departments is also an obstacle to manage juvenile crime issues. The Chinese State Council’s Education Supervision Committee released a regulation in December 2017 to manage school bullying, saying that bullies involved in serious cases who have not violated the law should be sent to special schools for correctional education. Lao worried that the regulation may be difficult to implement, as many Chinese parents would not agree to send their spoiled only child to these schools. According to China’s La Law on Prevent Prevention of Juven Juvenile Delinq linquency, und underage stu students w who need sp special education can only b be sent to special sch schools afte after receiving an a agreement f from their pare parents or guardians, a and be approved by loc local education bureaus. According to Chinese criminal law, people under 16 do not bear criminal responsibility. They instead should be educated by guardians or the government. Chinese law prefers protection over punishment when it comes to minor crimes, Zhou said.