Xinjiang policy wins support
37 nations laud China’s anti-terrorism achievements
A total of 37 countries, all developing nations, including some Muslim majority countries, sent a joint letter to the United Nations Friday in support of China’s governance over its Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, two days after 22 Western countries criticized China’s policies in the region.
Chinese experts and officials from Xinjiang said that the 37 countries’ support for China shows their recognition of China’s efforts in anti-terrorism and eliminating extremism.
They said it also exposed Western countries’ blatant attempt to politicize human rights in the international arena, whereas human rights should be pushed forward with the progress of human society rather than being used as a political tool to smear other sovereign nations.
“We commend China’s remarkable achievements in the field of human rights by adhering to the people-centered development philosophy and protecting and promoting human rights through development,” the joint letter said.
The letter was sent to the president of the UN Human Rights Council and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and signed by ambassadors to the UN at Geneva from Russia, Pakistan, Saudi
Raytheon that provides Stinger missiles, General Dynamics that provides M1A2T tanks, and BAE and Oshkosh that provide tanks equipment.
US Senator Bob Menendez, the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, told media that it was a foolish action as the companies that would possibly be sanctioned were not very much going to be engaged in defense industry sales to China, according to a short video VOA Chinese posted on its Twitter account on Sunday.
In response, Xu Guangyu, a senior consultant at the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association, told the Global Times on Sunday that these US arms companies seem to not have an arms trade connection with China, but this is just in terms of final product.
A final product is based on many components built by a whole industrial chain in which China plays important roles, Xu said, noting that China could freeze the industrial chains related to these companies, or stop providing certain base materials.
Rare earths, the industry which is largely controlled by China, are imperative in making advanced weapons and equipment. For instance, the M1A2 tank of General Dynamics uses samarium-cobalt in its navigation system, according to a Uk-based Daily Telegraph report in 2011.
The US Department of Defense is assessing the US rare earths capability to secure a stable supply amid the country’s trade conflict with China, Reuters reported on Saturday.
Industry insiders warned that these companies’ nonmilitary businesses could also be affected. General Dynamics is not only the manufacturer of the M1A2 tank, but also the parent company of Gulfstream, an aircraft company whose private jets are reportedly favored by Chinese billionaires.
Gulfstream is the earliest foreign business jet-maker that entered the Chinese market decades ago and certain types of its jets such as the Gulfstream G650 are now popular among China’s wealthiest, a senior executive of a Beijing-based business aviation integrated service provider told the Global Times. He asked not to be fully named.
A business jet is priced between $20 million and $70 million, he said, which means that losing the Chinese market could strike a huge blow to the US company.
Industry insiders said that one of the punitive measures could be ordering Chinese banks and financial institutions to reject loans to transactions related to Gulfstream, as almost all business jets are sold via a mortgage financing model.
Gulfstream’s Chinese clients include the founder of Alibaba Jack Ma Yun and Wanda Chairman Wang Jianlin, media reported.
The website of General Dynamics China branch became inaccessible on Sunday.
“US arms sales to Taiwan constitute a serious violation of international law and the basic norms governing international relations. This is a serious violation of the one-china principle and the three China-us Joint Communiqués,” Geng said on Friday.
He also expressed China’s opposition to Taiwan regional leader Tsai Ing-wen’s transit in the US, urging the US side to cancel arms sales immediately and stop the official exchange with Taiwan.
Chinese mainland analysts stressed that the decision to launch sanctions underlined China’s firm opposition to arms sales to Taiwan.
The simplest measure to punish these companies was to ban their business in China, Shi Yinhong, director of Renmin University of China’s Center for American Studies in Beijing, told the Global Times on Sunday.
Apart from sanctions, some Taiwan media is also interpreting an exercise by the People’s Liberation Army near the southeast coast as the Chinese mainland’s expression of opposition to arms sales.
The Chinese Ministry of National Defense said in a statement Sunday that the exercise was part of their regular arrangement according to the annual schedule.
By criticizing China’s sanctions on US arms firms as foolish action, the US is obviously applying a double standard as the US has imposed sanctions on China that are even more useless and stupid, the analysts said.
In September 2018, the US imposed sanctions on China’s Equipment Development Department, the military branch responsible for weapons and equipment, and its director, Li Shangfu, for buying Su-35 fighter jets and S-400 surfaceto-air missile system from Russia, claiming this was against a US sanctions law punishing Russian government for meddling in the 2016 US election, Reuters reported.