Hamilton Journal News : 2019-02-11

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A6 | JOURNAL-NEWS | MONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2019 COMPLETE. IN-DEPTH. DEPENDABLE. FROMPAGE ONE SOUTHKOREA CHINA Turkey urges China to endMuslimdetention SouthKorea, U.S. sign newcost-sharingdeal Military presence planwill ‘deepen our cooperation.’ Ministry, Heyit diedwhile groups are completely untenable,” serving the second year of an it said. eight-year prison sentence ThestatementfromTurkey, over one of his songs. which ishometo a large community In a statement Sunday, the of Chinese Uighurs, Chinese Embassy in Turkey came as a surprise to members called the Turkish Foreign of the Uighur diaspora, Ministry’s statement a “serious many of whom have been violation of the facts,” pressuringthegovernmentsof defending its actions in Xinjiang predominantlyMuslim countries as necessary to combat to speak out about China’s terrorism and extremist crackdown on Muslim ideology. communities. “Since the 1990s, ‘ three Despite growing evidence forces’ inside and outside of forced labor, indoctrination China ( ethnic separatist and other abuses inXinjiang, forces, religious extremist countries like Saudi forces, violent terrorist forces) Arabia, Iran and Pakistan have planned and organized have remained relatively thousands of violent terrorist silent on the issue — a sign, incidents in Xinjiang, China, some say, of China’s increasing resulting in the injuries and political and economic deaths of a large number of clout. Whilethegovernments innocent people of all ethnic of Malaysia and Indonesia groups,” the statement said. have voiced concerns about “The sinful acts of these horrific the Uighurs, Turkey’s statement elements have not only is by far the strongest seriously undermined the yet froma majority-Muslim peaceful and stable order of country. Xinjiang but also the atmosphereof Turkeyalsomadethestatement unityandprogress.” despite recently receiving Rejecting the Turkish characterization a $3.6 billion loan for its of China’s mass energy and transportation detention program, the Chinesestatementsaidthecamps sector from the Industrial and Commercial Bank of were “teaching and training China, a state-owned bank. centers” intended to provide The Chinese crackdownin instruction inMandarin, law Xinjiang has targeted more andvocationalskills, andtorid than 100 writers, academics studentsofextremistthoughts. and other Uighur intellectuals, “The allegations that the among others, raising Chinese government is trying fears that it is aimed at to ‘eliminate’ the ethnic, religious erasing the group’s unique and cultural identity of ethnic identity and cultural the Uighurs and otherMuslim memory. AmyQin ©2019TheNewYorkTimes — Turkey has called China’s mass repression of its UighurMuslim ethnic minority a “great shame for humanity” and has urged the Chinese government to close detention camps estimatedtohold1millionpeople, a rare rebuke from a majority-Muslim country. In a stronglyworded statement Saturday, the Turkish Foreign Ministry condemned China’s“reintroductionofconcentration camps in the 21st century and the policy of systematic assimilation” in its far western region of Xinjiang as a violation of the “fundamental human rights” of Uighurs and other Turkic Muslims. “It is no longer a secret that more than 1 million Uighur Turks incurring arbitrary arrests are subjected to torture and political brainwashing in internment camps and prisons,” said the statement fromHamiAksoy, the Foreign Ministryspokesman. Hecalled on the internationalcommunity andthe secretary-general of the United Nations to take action to end the “human tragedy.” The statement came in response to a question about recentreportsthatAbdurehim Heyit, a prominent Uighur folk poet and musician, had died in a Chinese internment camp. According to the Foreign BEIJING ByHyung-JinKim AssociatedPress — South Korea and the United States struck a newdeal Sunday that increases Seoul’s contribution for the cost of the American military presence on its soil, overcoming previous failed negotiations that caused worries about their decades-long alliance. The development comes as President Donald Trump is set to hold his second summitwithNorthKoreanleader military presence in South Korea is a symbol of the Kim Jong Un in Vietnam in countries’ alliance, forged late February. in blood during thewar, but South Korea last year provided also a source of long-running about $830 million, anti-American sentiments. covering roughly 40 percent About 20 anti-U.S. activists of the cost of the deployment rallied near the Foreign of 28,500U.S. soldiers Ministry building in Seoul whose presence ismeant to on Sunday, chanting slogans deter aggression fromNorth like “No more money for Korea. Trumphaspushedfor U. S. troops.” No violence South Korea to pay more. was reported. On Sunday, chief negotiators “The United States government from the two countries realizes that Korea signed a new cost- sharing does a lot forour allianceand plan, which requires South peace and stability in the Korea to pay about 1.04 trillion region,” chief U.S. negotiator won ($924 million) in Timothy Betts said Sunday 2019, Seoul’s Foreign Ministry in Seoul. “We are very said in a statement. pleased our consultations The statement said the resulted in agreement that two countries reaffirmedthe will strengthen transparency need for a “stable” U.S. military and deepen our cooperation deployment amid the and the alliance.” “rapidly changing situation The deal, which involves on the Korean Peninsula.” thespendingofSouthKorean The ministry said the U. S. taxpayer money, requires assured South Korea that it parliamentary approval in is committed to the alliance South Korea, but not in the and has no plans to adjust United States, according to the number of its troops in Seoul’s Foreign Ministry. South Korea. The allies had failed to SouthKorea began paying reach a new cost- sharing for the U.S. military deployment plan during some 10 rounds in the early 1990s, after of talks. Afive-year 2014 deal rebuilding its economy from that covered South Korea’s the devastation of the 1950payment last year expired 1953KoreanWar. ThebigU.S. at the end of 2018. SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA South Korean ForeignMinister Kang Kyung-wha (right) and Timothy Betts, acting deputy assistant secretary and senior adviser for SecurityNegotiations and Agreements in theU.S. Department of State, talk. AP Some conservatives in South Korea voiced concerns over aweakening alliance with the United States at the same time as negotiations with North Korea to deprive it of itsnuclearweapons hit a stalemate. They said Trump might use the failed military cost-sharing negotiations as an excuse to pull back some U.S. troops in South Korea as a bargaining chip in talks with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. TrumptoldCBS’ “Face the Nation” on Feb. 3 that he has no plans to withdrawtroops fromSouthKorea. During his election campaign, Trump suggested he could pull back troops fromSouthKorea and Japan unless they took on greater a share of the financial burdens of supporting U.S. soldiers deployed there. South Korean media earlier reported that Trump demanded SouthKorea double its spending for the U.S. military deployment, before his government eventually asked for 1.13 trillion won ($1 billion). Seoul’s Foreign Ministry said the U. S. had called for a sharp increase in South Korean spending but didn’t elaborate. Merger continued fromA1 will “strengthen the footprint” at American Savings because its customers can bank atValley Central’s locations, 6550 Princeton Glendale Road in Liberty Twp. and 115 W. Benson St. in Reading. In a year or so, DeBiasi said the name of American Savings will be changed to Valley Central. DeBiasi said he and Gaynor and their board of directors have been discussing a potential merger for about three years. He called the negotiations “very pedestrian,” but in the end, the best decision wasmade for the financial institutions and their customers. Valley Central Bank had total consolidated assets of approximately $111.4 million and equity of $27.6 million, as of Sept. 30, 2018. American Savings Bank had total assets of approximately $42.8 million and equity of approximately $7.8 million at the same reporting time. It’s expected the boards of directors of both banking institutions will combine. Valley Central Bank’s directors include Ben Kessling, DonVonderhaar, Mike Hinger, Brian Reisert, and Joanna Gaynor; the board at ASB includes Ed Pokora, VadenFittonandJamesPapakirk. TECHNOLOGY Valley Central Bank, with locations in Liberty Twp. and Reading, has agreed tomergewithMiddletown’s American Savings Bank. Spacecraft would crash into an asteroid, shove it off course STAFF FILE PHOTOS DART project is NASA’s plan to avert catastrophe. 460 feet or bigger. They predict 25,000 of themhurtle throughthe solar system. Chodassaidtheyhave found and charted about a third of them. The researchers can calculate each asteroid’s trajectory decades into the future. Scientistshavelongdebated whattodoiftheydiscoverone on a collision course with Earth. Hollywood portrayed such events in “Deep Impact” and “Armageddon.” In both movies, mankind narrowly escapes doom by planting nuclear bombs and blowing the asteroids to pieces. It’s not that easy. NASAhas considered nuking an asteroid with warheads, but that risks turning a single incoming rock into a shower of debris as happened in “Deep Impact.” Another plan calls for flying a spacecraft beside the asteroid and gradually drawing it off course like a gravity tractor. DART offers a third strategy, and will be the first given a live test. “It’s the simplest and most effective,” Chodas said. Now the team at the Hopkins laboratory in Laurel has begun the final design and construction of the DART spacecraft. About the size of aHonda Civic, it’s scheduled for launch in summer 2021. While it sounds simple, the crashmission involves some tricky engineering. The target is the tinymoon of an asteroid. The two bodiesarecollectivelynamedDidymos or Greek for “twin.” They orbit the sun between Earth and the Asteroid Belt. Themoonis notmuch bigger than theWashingtonMonument in D.C. _ minuscule in the scale of space. “This is by far the smallest object anyone has ever flowna spacecraft into,” said Andy Cheng, the mission’s co-lead and chief scientist in APL’s space department. city of Chelyabinsk. A factory roof collapsed. More than 1,000 peoplewere hurt, mostly from shattered glass. Scientists estimate the meteor unleashed a force stronger than the atomic bomb detonated in Hiroshima. The rockwas about the size ofaschoolbus. That’sapebble comparedtoameteorbelieved to have exploded over remote Siberiain1908, flatteninghundreds of square miles of forests. Researchers estimate that fireball equaled 185Hiroshima bombs and heated the air to near 50,000 degrees. If the Tunguska meteor had arrived, say, threehours later, it could have obliteratedMoscow, said Lindley Johnson, whose title withNASAis planetary defense officer. “Thatprobablywouldhave changed the entire history of the 20thCentury,” said Johnson, who runs NASA’s asteroid-defenseprograms.“These are natural disasters thatwe need to be aware of.” Sometime in a span of severalhundred-thousandyears, scientistssay, anasteroideven larger could strike Earth and wreak global disaster. They believe a meteor 8 to 10 kilometers in diameter crashed into the Gulf of Mexico 65 million years ago and killed off the dinosaurs. “We’ve found all the nearest asteroids that size. We’re safefromthat,” saidPaulChodas, who runs an asteroid search team at the NASA lab in California. But smaller asteroids can unleashmegatons of energy too. “Evendowntothe1-kilometer size, if it hits in the right spot, could cause global devastation,” Chodas said. “It’s the small asteroids that pose the risk.” In the 1990s, Congress ordered NASA to locate dangerous asteroids in the solar system. Researchers today aim to catalogue the orbits of 90 percent of asteroids ByTimPrudente TribuneNews Service — A team of scientists, astronomers and engineers meetsweekly in a conference roomon aHoward County, Md., research campus and plans to save the world. “Keep calm and carry DART,” reads a poster on the wall. DART — the Double AsteroidRedirectionTest— is their plan to avert catastrophe. It’s also NASA’s first mission not to explore space, but to defend against it. The research team at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel plans to launch a spacecraft, speed it up really fast and smashit into anasteroid. BOOM! The impact, they hope, will bump the big space rock off course _ actually more like nudge it slightly. Someday, the thinking goes, thismethod may save humans from the fate of the dinosaurs. “Kind of like a big missile,” said Elena Adams, the mission’s lead engineer. “It’s very exciting. You are actually doing something for the fate of humanity.” An estimated 100 tons of space debris falls to Earth every day, according to scientists with the NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. This debris is mostly dust and sand. Occasionally, space sends something bigger. In February 2013, a fiery meteorcut across the Siberian sky. It came streaking down as fast as 40,000 mph. Then came a mid-air explosion, a flash and boom. The shock wave blew out windows across the Russian BALTIMORE American Savings Bank eventually will change itsname to Valley Central Bank, but both branches inMiddletown will remain open after the merger, CEOFredG. DeBiasi says. Kessling, Valley Central’s board chairman, will serve as chairman of the board for the resulting organization. Gaynor will remain in her positions and DeBiasi will become the president and chief operating officer of Valley Central Bank. Contact this reporter at 513-483-5216 or email Rick. [email protected] MIAMI UNIVERSITY REGIONALS PRESENTS Sam Mihara Paul A. Gagnon Prize winner Sam Mihara will share his childhood experiences of internment as a Japanese American during World War II. FREE EVENT Tuesday, February 12 • 7pm Dave Finkelman Auditorium Middletown Campus MiamiOH.edu/Regionals/RSVP Photos © Gilette News Record, 2018; AP Photo/George and Frank C. Hirahara Collection, WSU Libraries, 2018 PRINTED AND DISTRIBUTED BY PRESSREADER PressReader.com +1 604 278 4604 ORIGINAL COPY . ORIGINAL COPY . ORIGINAL COPY . ORIGINAL COPY . ORIGINAL COPY . ORIGINAL COPY COPYRIGHT AND PROTECTED BY APPLICABLE LAW

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