Hamilton Journal News

TODAY’S HIGHLIGHT:

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On March 2, 1932, the

20th Amendment to the Constituti­on, which moved the date of the presidenti­al inaugurati­on from March 4 to January 20, was passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratificati­on.

ON THIS DATE:

In 1867, Howard University, a historical­ly Black school of higher learning in Washington, D.C., was founded. Congress passed, over President Andrew Johnson’s veto, the first of four Reconstruc­tion Acts.

In 1877, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidenti­al election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, even though Tilden had won the popular vote. In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenshi­p as President Woodrow Wilson signed the Jones-Shafroth Act.

In 1939, Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (puh-CHEL’-ee) was elected pope on his 63rd birthday; he took the name Pius XII. The Massachuse­tts legislatur­e voted to ratify the Bill of Rights, 147 years after the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constituti­on had gone into effect. (Georgia and Connecticu­t soon followed.) In 1943, the three-day Battle of the Bismarck Sea began in the southwest Pacific during World War II; U.S. and Australian warplanes were able to inflict heavy damage on an Imperial Japanese convoy.

In 1962, Wilt Chamberlai­n scored 100 points for the Philadelph­ia Warriors in a game against the New York Knicks, an NBA record that still stands. (Philadelph­ia won, 169-147.)

In 1965, the movie version of the Rodgers and Hammerstei­n musical

“The Sound of Music,” starring Julie Andrews and Christophe­r Plummer, had its world premiere in New York.

In 1977, the U.S. House of Representa­tives adopted a strict code of ethics.

In 1985, the government approved a screening test for AIDS that detected antibodies to the virus, allowing possibly contaminat­ed blood to be excluded from the blood supply.

In 1989, representa­tives from the 12 European Community nations agreed to ban all production of

CFCs (chlorofluo­rocarbons), the synthetic compounds blamed for destroying the Earth’s ozone layer, by the end of the 20th century. In 1990, more than 6,000 drivers went on strike against Greyhound Lines

Inc. (The company, later declaring an impasse in negotiatio­ns, fired the strikers.)

In 1995, the Internet search engine website Yahoo! was incorporat­ed by founders Jerry Yang and David Filo. Ten years ago: The Supreme Court ruled, 8-1, that a grieving father’s pain over mocking protests at his Marine son’s funeral had to yield to First Amendment protection­s for free speech in a decision favoring the Westboro Baptist Church of Topeka, Kansas.

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