As property prices retreat, top economist isn’t expecting recession
The U.S. economy is likely to avoid a recession, even with a downturn in housing and commercial real estate, economist Mark Zandi predicts.
Zandi, chief economist at Moody’s Analytics, gave his forecast this week at an economic and commercial real estate outlook session sponsored by property firm Marcus & Millichap, which has a major office in Dallas.
He joined real estate execs who talked about where the economy and their industry is headed this year.
Zandi said he’s betting the country won’t see a recession — a view counter to many economists who think the U.S. is teetering on the edge of a downturn.
“It’s clear that the pessimism regarding the economy is running thick,” he said. “I’ve been a professional economist for more than 30 years and I don’t think I’ve ever seen anything like it.
“The consensus view among economists is we will suffer an economic downturn of some form in 2023 or early 2024 — business people think so as well.”
But Zandi isn’t onboard the recession train.
“With a little bit of luck and some reasonably deft policy making by the Federal Reserve, I think we will be able to make our way through without an outright economic downtown,” he said. “It will be a difficult year but it won’t be a year of recession.
“It will be tricky. There are a lot of risks out there.”
One of the risks he highlighted would be a refusal by Congress to lift the federal debt ceiling. “You can see the economic loss will be very significant” if that happens, Zandi said.
Real estate markets are resetting because of the higher interest rates the Federal Reserve has used to dial down overall inflation.
“I do expect housing prices to decline about 10%,” Zandi said.
In the Dallas area, Moody’s Analytics is forecasting a 5% to 10% home value drop which is negligible after the huge price hikes of the last few years. The Fort Worth area and Austin are forecast to have a slightly higher 10% to 15% home price correction.
North Texas home prices have drifted lower in recent months.
A recent report by Fitch Ratings labeled Dallas-Fort Worth home prices as “sustainable.” The D-FW area is one of only a handful or so U.S. markets where the Wall Street firm thinks homes aren’t overvalued.
The biggest price drops are forecast for previously hot markets including the Pacific Northwest, the Desert Southwest, Colorado and parts of Florida, according to Moody’s.
“The risk here is once prices start to decline, things can take on a life of their own,” Zandi said. “People are pushed underwater – the value of their home is less than the mortgage debt they owe.
“You could see more distressed sales,” he said. “I don’t think that’s going to happen, but that clearly is a risk.”
Likewise Zandi said apartment rents are trending lower across the country after recent runups.
Average apartment rents in Dallas-Fort Worth were down slightly at the end of 2022.
“You’ve seen less demand because of the high rents and unaffordability,” he said. “Vacancy rates are starting to turn up a little bit, taking the edge off rents.
“That should help to support lower inflation.”
Sharply higher borrowing costs have more severely impacted the commercial property market.
“We are all feeling the impact of the most aggressive financial tightening this county has experienced since 1980,” said Hessam Nadji, president and CEO of Marcus & Millichap. “There’s been a significant slowdown in transaction activity which is understandable when you have debt increase so much, so fast.”
Nadji said nationwide commercial property trading volume was down about 60% in the fourth quarter.
“All of these interest rate increases have a six to nine month lag effect,” he said. “Not all the impact has been felt yet – we have more to come.
“It is putting a lot of pressure on prices – there is no question about,” he said. “The market is recalibrating.”
But he said properties are still trading if they are priced realistically.