S& P 500 posts 3rd straight weekly gain; Nasdaq falls again
Wall Street closed out a choppy week of trading with more of the same Friday, as a late- afternoon stumble led U. S. stock indexes to a mixed finish.
The Standard & Poor’s 500 ended the day just a fraction of a point higher after a burst of selling erased a 0.9% gain. Despite a three- day stretch of losses, the benchmark index still managed to finish higher for the week, its third straight weekly gain.
Big Tech and energy companies fell while healthcare and industrial stocks rose. The Dow Jones industrial average also eked out a gain, while the Nasdaq composite posted its fourth straight loss. Treasury yields were f lat.
The market had been up for much of the day after the government reported that retail sales rose in September for the f ifth straight month. That report appeared to overshadow new data showing U. S. industrial production had its weakest month since the spring.
The market’s late- day fade capped a week of volatility as companies began reporting their third- quarter results and traders’ hopes for a new round of economic stimulus from Washington dimmed.
The S& P 500 rose 0.47 point to 3,483.81. The Dow gained 112.11 points, or 0.4%, to 28,606.31. At one point, it had been up by 348 points. The Nasdaq fell 42.32 points, or 0.4%, to 11,671.56. The Russell 2000 index of small- cap stocks dropped 5.08 points, or 0.3%, to 1,633.81.
Despite the market’s downbeat f inish, the major indexes have already recouped most of their losses from September’s swoon.
Stocks have been mostly climbing this month, but trading became choppy this week as talks between Democrats and Republicans on a stimulus package failed to deliver results. Investors have been hoping that Washington will provide more support for the economy since July, when a $ 600- a- week extra benefit for the unemployed expired.
Traders have been watching economic data closely to see whether the loss of that beefed- up unemployment aid would lead to an overall pullback in spending. On Thursday, the government said the number of Americans seeking unemployment aid increased last week to 898,000, a historically high level that underscores how the economy remains hobbled by the pandemic and recession that erupted seven months ago.
Friday’s retail sales report provides some encouragement, suggesting Americans’ appetite for spending remained solid last month. The Commerce Department said retail sales rose 1.9% in September, the f ifth straight monthly increase. The report initially juiced shares in retailers and other companies that rely on consumer spending, but most of those gains evaporated by the end of the day.
Other data point to persistent weakness in the economy. The Federal Reserve said Friday that U. S. industrial production fell 0.6% last month, the weakest showing since April’s 12.7% skid amid widespread business shutdowns due to the pandemic. Economists had been expecting an increase.
A surge in new coronavirus infections in Europe, the Americas and parts of Asia is also giving traders reason to turn cautious. The new caseloads prompted governments in France and Britain to impose new restrictions and contributed to some of the selling in the market earlier this week.
Across the S& P 500, analysts are expecting companies to report another drop in profits for the summer from year- ago levels. But they’re forecasting the decline to moderate from the nearly 32% plunge in the spring, reflecting some signs of improvement in the economy since then.
Analysts have been raising their third- quarter earnings forecasts after lowering them sharply ahead of the second quarter. That means it will be tougher for companies reporting results to beat expectations.
Several big companies report quarterly results next week, including Netf lix, Coca- Cola, Tesla, Southwest Airlines and American Express.