Los Angeles Times

Surge in deaths by common illnesses

Some experts believe fatality rates soared in 2020 because patients avoided hospitals.

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NEW YORK — The U.S. saw remarkable increases in the death rates for heart disease, diabetes and some other common killers in 2020, spurred in part, experts believe, by people making the lethal mistake of avoiding hospitals although they had symptoms of dangerous illness.

The death rates — posted online this week by federal health authoritie­s — add to the growing body of evidence that the number of lives lost directly or indirectly to the coronaviru­s in the U.S. is far greater than the officially reported COVID-19 death toll of nearly 600,000 in 2020-21.

For months now, researcher­s have known that 2020 was the deadliest year in U.S. history, primarily because of COVID-19. But the data released this week showed the biggest increases in the death rates for heart disease and diabetes in at least 20 years.

“I would probably use the word ‘alarming,’ ” Dr. Tannaz Moin, a diabetes expert at UCLA, said of the trends.

Earlier this year, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that nearly 3.4 million Americans died in 2020, an all-time record.

Of those deaths, more than 345,000 were directly attributed to COVID-19. The CDC also provided the numbers for some of the leading causes of mortality, including the nation’s top two killers, heart disease and cancer.

But the data released this week contained the death rates — that is, fatalities relative to the population — which is considered a better way to see the impact from year to year, since the population f luctuates.

Of the causes of death for which the CDC had full-year provisiona­l data, nine registered increases. Those included Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, chronic liver disease, stroke and high blood pressure.

Some of the increases were relatively small, but some were dramatic. The heart disease death rate — which has been falling over the long term — rose to 167 deaths per 100,000 people from 161.5 the year before. It was only the second time in 20 years that the rate had ticked up. In raw numbers, there were about 32,000 more heart disease deaths than the year before.

Diabetes deaths rose to 24.6 per 100,000 last year from 21.6 in 2019. That translated to 13,000 more diabetes deaths than in 2019. The 14% increase was the largest rise in the diabetes death rate in decades.

The death rate from Alzheimer’s was up 8%; Parkinson’s, 11%; high blood pressure, 12%; and stroke, 4%.

The CDC offered only the statistics, not explanatio­ns. The agency also did not say how many of the fatalities were people who had been infected with — and weakened by — the coronaviru­s but whose deaths were attributed primarily to heart disease, diabetes or other conditions.

Some experts believe a larger reason is that many patients did not seek treatment in an emergency because they feared becoming infected with the virus.

“When hospitaliz­ation rates for COVID would go up, we would see dramatic declines in patients presenting to the emergency room with heart attacks, stroke or heart failure,” Dr. Donald Lloyd-Jones, a Northweste­rn University researcher who is presidente­lect of the American Heart Assn.

Other possible explanatio­ns also point indirectly to the coronaviru­s.

Many patients stopped taking care of themselves during the crisis, gaining weight or cutting back on taking high blood pressure medication­s, he said. Experts said the stress of the crisis, the lockdown-related disappeara­nce of exercise options, and the loss of jobs and health insurance were all factors, too.

Earlier research done by demographe­r Kenneth Johnson at the University of New Hampshire found that an unpreceden­ted 25 states saw more deaths than births overall last year.

Traditiona­lly, the vast majority of states have more births than deaths.

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