Los Angeles Times

Duterte to allow U.S. war exercises

Philippine president’s decision may escalate tension in territoria­l dispute with Beijing.

- By Jim Gomez Gomez writes for the Associated Press.

MANILA — The Philippine­s will keep having large-scale combat exercises with the United States after President Rodrigo Duterte retracted his decision to terminate a key defense pact in a move that may antagonize an increasing­ly belligeren­t China.

Duterte’s decision was announced Friday by Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana in a joint news conference with visiting U.S. counterpar­t Lloyd J. Austin III in Manila. It was a step back from the Philippine leader’s pledge early in his term to distance himself from Washington as he tried to rebuild frayed ties with China over years of territoria­l rifts in the South China Sea.

“The president decided to recall or retract the terminatio­n letter for the VFA,” Lorenzana told reporters, referring to the Visiting Forces Agreement. “There is no terminatio­n letter pending, and we are back on track.”

Austin thanked Duterte for the decision, which he said would further bolster the two nations’ 70-year treaty alliance.

“Our countries face a range of challenges, from the climate crises to the pandemic and, as we do, a strong, resilient U.S.-Philippine alliance will remain vital to the security, stability and prosperity of the IndoPacifi­c,” Austin said. “A fully restored VFA will help us achieve that goal together.”

Terminatin­g the pact would have been a major blow to America’s oldest alliance

in Asia, as Washington squares with Beijing on a range of issues, including trade, human rights and China’s behavior in the South China Sea, which Beijing claims virtually in its entirety.

The U.S. military presence in the region is seen as a counterbal­ance to China,

which has used force to assert claims to vast areas of

the disputed South China Sea, including the constructi­on of artificial islands equipped with airstrips and military installati­ons. China has ignored and continues to defy a 2016 internatio­nal arbitratio­n ruling that invalidate­d its historic basis.

China, the Philippine­s, Vietnam and three other government­s have been locked in the territoria­l standoff for decades. The U.S. doesn’t lay any claim to the busy waterway and has sailed Navy warships close to Chinese-claimed islands on so-called freedom of navigation operations in a challenge to Beijing.

Beijing has warned Washington to stay away from what it describes as a purely Asian dispute.

In a speech in Singapore on Tuesday, Austin said that Beijing’s claim to the South China Sea “has no basis in internatio­nal law” and “treads on the sovereignt­y of states in the region.”

He said the U.S. supports the region’s coastal states in upholding their rights under

internatio­nal law and is committed to its defense treaty obligation­s with Japan and the Philippine­s.

Duterte notified the U.S. government in February last year that the Philippine­s intended to abrogate the 1998 agreement, which allows large numbers of American forces to join combat training with Philippine troops and sets legal terms for their temporary stay.

The pact’s terminatio­n would have taken effect after 180 days, but Duterte has repeatedly delayed the decision. While it was pending, the U.S. and Philippine militaries proceeded with plans for combat and disaster-response exercises but canceled larger drills last year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

U.S. and Philippine forces engage in about 300 activities each year, including land, sea and air drills that often involve live fire. They’ve sparked Chinese protests when they were held on the periphery of the sea Beijing claims as its own.

The Balikatan, or shoulder-to-shoulder, exercises resumed last April but were considerab­ly scaled down due to COVID-19 outbreaks and lockdowns.

A Philippine military official told the Associated Press that the U.S. continued to provide intelligen­ce and satellite and aircraft surveillan­ce photos of Chinese activities in the South China Sea despite Duterte’s earlier threat to abrogate the VFA. The U.S. images have helped the Philippine­s become aware of encroachme­nts and lodge diplomatic protests, said the military official, who spoke on condition of anonymity for lack of authority to speak publicly.

Lorenzana said he was unaware of the reason behind Duterte’s change of heart. The brash-talking authoritar­ian president, who has been under intense pressure to contain one of Southeast Asia’s worst outbreaks, warned in December that he would proceed to abrogate the VFA if the U.S. did not provide at least 20 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine.

“No vaccine, no stay here,” Duterte said then in blunt remarks that one Filipino senator said “may have given the impression that the Philippine­s is a nation of extortioni­sts.”

The Philippine­s recently received at least 3.2 million doses of Johnson & Johnson’s COVID-19 vaccine from the United States through the COVAX global vaccinesha­ring program and has been assured of more American aid.

President Biden has said America’s vaccines were being donated to poorer countries to save lives and “don’t include pressure for favors or potential concession­s.”

 ?? Rolex dela Pena Pool Photo ?? U.S. DEFENSE Secretary Lloyd Austin, left, and his Philippine counterpar­t, Delfin Lorenzana, part ways after a meeting Friday in Quezon City, Philippine­s.
Rolex dela Pena Pool Photo U.S. DEFENSE Secretary Lloyd Austin, left, and his Philippine counterpar­t, Delfin Lorenzana, part ways after a meeting Friday in Quezon City, Philippine­s.

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