Los Angeles Times

Banking jitters drag down global stocks, bond yields


Markets shuddered Wednesday on worries about a spreading banking crisis and how badly it will hit the economy, and stocks and bond yields fell on both sides of the Atlantic.

The Standard & Poor’s 500 index sank as much as 2.1% before ending the day with a loss of 0.7%, while markets in Europe fell more sharply as shares of Switzerlan­d’s Credit Suisse plunged. The Dow Jones industrial average closed down 0.9% after dropping as much as 725 points. The Nasdaq composite rose 0.1% after erasing a steep decline.

Markets trimmed their losses toward the end of the day as the Swiss National Bank said it could provide some assistance to Credit Suisse “if needed.”

But that came only after a steep drop for Credit Suisse rattled investors worldwide. Its shares in Switzerlan­d sank 24.2% after reports that its top shareholde­r won’t pump more money into its investment.

The bank has been fighting troubles for years, including losses it took related to the 2021 collapse of investment firm Archegos Capital Management.

“They’ve had issues,” said Anthony Saglimbene, chief market strategist at Ameriprise. “It’s just coming at a time when there’s more uncertaint­y and there’s less confidence in the banking system.”

Wall Street’s harsh spotlight has intensifie­d across the banking industry recently on worries about what may crack next after the second- and third-largest bank failures in U.S. history over the last week. Stocks of U.S. banks tumbled again Wednesday after enjoying a brief, one-day respite Tuesday.

The heaviest losses were focused on smaller and midsize banks, which are seen as more at risk of having customers try to pull their money out en masse. Larger banks also fell, but not by quite as much.

First Republic Bank sank 21.4%, a day after soaring 27%. JPMorgan Chase slid 4.7%.

Many analysts are quick to say the current weakness for banks looks nowhere near as bad as the 2008 crisis that torpedoed the global economy.

But worries are neverthele­ss rising that pain spreading through the banking system could spark a downturn.

“When you have worries about contagion and a financial crisis, there is increasing risk of a global recession,” Saglimbene said, pointing to the first drop in the price of U.S. crude oil below $70 a barrel since late 2021. A weaker economy would burn less fuel.

“The regional banks are so important to small businesses, midsized businesses” by providing loans, he said. “They’re a centerpiec­e of the economy.”

Much of the damage for banks is seen as a result of the Federal Reserve’s fastest barrage of interest rate increases in decades. The Fed has pulled its key overnight rate to a range of 4.50% to 4.75%, up from virtually zero at the start of last year, in hopes of driving down painfully high inflation.

Some of this week’s wildest action has been in the bond market, where traders are rushing to guess what all the chaos will mean for future Fed action.

On one hand, stress in the financial system could push the Fed to hold off on raising rates again at its meeting next week or at least refrain from the larger rate hike it had been signaling.

On the other hand, inflation is still high. While taking it easier on interest rates could give more breathing space to banks and the economy, the fear is such a move by the Fed could also give inflation more oxygen.

Weaker-than-expected economic reports released Wednesday may have allayed some of those worries. One showed that inf lation at the wholesale level slowed by much more last month than economists expected. It’s still high at 4.6% versus a year earlier, but that was better than the 5.4% that was forecast.

Other data showed that U.S. spending at retailers fell by more than expected last month.

That caused the yield on the two-year Treasury to plummet. It tends to track expectatio­ns for the Fed, and it dropped to 3.89% from 4.25% late Tuesday. That’s a massive move for the bond market. The two-year yield was above 5% just a week ago, its highest level since 2007.

All told, the S&P 500 fell 27.36 points to 3,891.93. The Dow lost 280.83 points to close at 31,874.57. The Nasdaq rose 5.90 points to 11,434.05.

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