Los Angeles Times

Macron forces retirement reform

French president puts his government at risk by skirting Parliament to pass unpopular bill.

- By Sylvie Corbet and Elaine Ganley Corbet and Ganley write for the Associated Press.

PARIS — French President Emmanuel Macron ordered his prime minister to wield a special constituti­onal power on Thursday to skirt Parliament and force through a highly unpopular bill to raise the retirement age from 62 to 64 without a vote.

His calculated risk set off a clamor among lawmakers, who began singing the national anthem even before Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne arrived in the lower chamber. She spoke forcefully over their shouts, acknowledg­ing that Macron’s unilateral move would trigger quick motions of no-confidence in his government.

The fury of opposition lawmakers echoed the anger of citizens and labor unions. Thousands of people protested at the Place de la Concorde facing the National Assembly, some lighting a bonfire. As night fell, police charged against the demonstrat­ors in waves to clear the elegant square, but hundreds remained nearly an hour later.

The unions that have organized strikes and marches since January, leaving Paris reeking amid piles of trash, announced new rallies and marches in protest, saying: “This retirement reform is brutal, unjust, unjustifie­d for the world of workers.”

Macron has made the proposed pension changes a top priority of his second term, arguing that reform is needed to keep the pension system from diving into deficit as France, like many richer nations, faces lower birth rates and longer life expectancy.

Macron decided during a Cabinet meeting at the Elysee presidenti­al palace to invoke the special power, just a few minutes before a scheduled vote on the measure in France’s lower house of Parliament,

because he had no guarantee of a majority.

“Uncertaint­y looms” about whether a majority would have voted for the bill, Borne acknowledg­ed, but she added: “We cannot gamble on the future of our pensions. That reform is necessary.”

Borne drew boos from the opposition when she said her government was accountabl­e to the Parliament. Lawmakers can try to revoke the changes through no-confidence motions, she said.

“There will actually be a proper vote, and therefore the parliament­ary democracy will have the last say,” Borne said.

She said in an interview Thursday night that she was not angry about some lawmakers’ disrespect as she addressed them, but was “very shocked.”

“Certain [opposition lawmakers] want chaos, at the Assembly and in the streets,” she said.

Opposition lawmakers demanded that the government step down. One Communist Party lawmaker called the presidenti­al power a political “guillotine.” Others called it a “denial of democracy” that signals Macron’s lack of legitimacy as president.

Marine Le Pen said her far-right National Rally party would file a no-confidence motion, and Communist lawmaker Fabien Roussel

said the left had such a motion ready.

“The mobilizati­on will continue,” Roussel said. “This reform must be suspended.”

Eric Ciotti, leader of the center-right Republican­s, said his party would not “add chaos to chaos” by supporting a no-confidence motion, but some of his fellow conservati­ves may back it.

A no-confidence motion, expected early next week, needs approval by more than half of the Assembly. If it passes — which would be a first since 1962 — the government would have to resign. Macron could reappoint Borne if he chooses, and a new Cabinet would be named.

If a no-confidence motion doesn’t succeed, the pension bill would be considered adopted.

The Senate adopted the bill earlier Thursday in a 193114 vote, a tally that was largely expected since the upper house’s conservati­ve majority favored the move.

Raising the retirement age would require workers to put more money into the pension system, which the government says is on course to run a deficit. Macron has promoted the pension changes as central to his vision for making the French economy more competitiv­e. The reform also would require 43 years of work to earn a full pension, amid other measures.

Leftist leader Jean-Luc Melenchon told the crowd at the Concorde that Macron had gone “over the heads of the will of the people.” Members of Melenchon’s France Unbowed party were among the lawmakers singing the “Marseillai­se” in an attempt to thwart the prime minister.

Unions announced even more strikes a day after nearly 500,000 people protested against the bill. Francois Hommeril, president of a major union representi­ng energy workers and others, said the government “forces a vote when it is sure to win it,” and “prevents the vote when they know they would lose.”

Recent economic challenges have prompted widespread unrest across Western Europe, where many countries, like France, have had low birth rates, leaving fewer young workers to sustain pensions for retirees.

Spain’s leftist government joined with labor unions Wednesday to announce a “historic” deal to save its pension system.

Spanish Social Security Minister José Luis Escrivá said France has a very different, unsustaina­ble model and “has not addressed its pension system for decades.”

Spain’s workers already must stay on the job until at least 65 for a full pension, and won’t be asked to work longer — instead, their new deal increases employer contributi­ons for higherwage earners.

‘The mobilizati­on will continue. This reform must be suspended.’

— Fabien Roussel, a Communist Party lawmaker, who says lawmakers on the left have already prepared a motion for Parliament to hold a vote of no confidence in President Macron’s government

 ?? Stephane Mahe Pool Photo ?? PRESIDENT MACRON’S government says raising France’s retirement age is needed to save the system.
Stephane Mahe Pool Photo PRESIDENT MACRON’S government says raising France’s retirement age is needed to save the system.

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