LOOKING BACK AND FORWARD
Here are some significant dates and historical anniversaries coming in 2022.
100 years ago:
Jan. 11 - Insulin is used for the first time to treat diabetes in humans.
Feb. 10 : President Warren G. Harding introduces the first radio in the
Feb. 27: The 19th Amendment (women's right to vote) is upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court.
March 20: The U.S. commissions its first aircraft carrier.
April 7: Teapot Dome scandal: The secretary of the interior leases Teapot Dome oil reserves in Wyoming.
May 30: In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
July 11: The Hollywood Bowl open-air music venue opens.
August: The California grizzly bear is hunted to extinction.
Oct. 3: Rebecca Felton of Georgia becomes the first female U.S. senator when the governor of Georgia gives her a temporary appointment pending the replacement for Sen. Thomas Watson, who died. She takes office Nov. 21 and serves one day.
Oct. 28: The March on Rome results in Benito Mussolini assuming power of Italy.
Nov. 4: The tomb of Tutankhamun is discovered by Howard Carter in Egypt.
75 years ago (1947):
Jan. 15: Elizabeth Short, an aspiring actress nicknamed the “Black Dahlia,” is found brutally murdered in a vacant lot in Los Angeles. The case remains unsolved to this day.
Feb. 3: Percival Prattis becomes the first African American news correspondent allowed in the House of Representatives and Senate press galleries.
March 13: The 19th Academy Awards ceremony, hosted by Jack Benny, is held at Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. William Wyler's “The Best Years of Our Lives” receives the most nominations, eight, and wins the most awards, seven, including best motion picture.
April 6: The first Tony Awards, recognizing achievement in American theater, are awarded at the Waldorf-astoria Hotel in New York City.
April 15: Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to play major league baseball since the 1880s.
June 5: Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the Marshall Plan for American reconstruction and relief aid to Europe.
July 26: Cold War: President Harry Truman signs the National Security Act of 1947 into law, creating the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council.
Sept. 26: U.S. Air Force is made a separate branch of the military.
October: The House Un-american Activities Committee begins its investigations into communism in Hollywood.
Oct. 6: World Series games are broadcast on television for the first time
Oct. 14: Air Force test pilot Capt. Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 rocket plane faster than the speed of sound.
Nov. 2: Howard Hughes pilots the maiden flight of the Hughes H-4 Hercules flying boat known as "Spruce Goose,” the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built.
Nov. 6: The program “Meet the Press” makes its television debut on the NBC TV network.
Nov. 24: The House of Representatives votes 346-17 to approve citations of contempt of Congress against the so-called Hollywood 10 after the 10 men refuse to cooperate with the House Un-american Activities Committee concerning allegations of communist influences in the movie business.
50 years ago (1972):
Jan. 5: President Richard Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle program.
Jan. 25: Shirley Chisholm, the first African American congresswoman, announces her candidacy for president.
Feb. 4: Mariner 9 sends pictures from Mars.
Feb. 5: Bob Douglas becomes the first African American elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
Feb. 21-28: Nixon makes an eight-day visit to the People's Republic of China and meets with Mao Zedong.
April 10: The 44th annual Academy Awards presentation is held at Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. William Friedkin's “The French Connection” wins five awards, including best picture.
May 15: Gov. George C. Wallace of Alabama is shot by Arthur Herman Bremer at a Laurel, Maryland, political rally.
May 26: Nixon and Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT I treaty in Moscow, the Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty and other agreements.
June 17: Watergate scandal: Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee.
June 23: Nixon signs Title IX into law as part of the Education Amendments of 1972, prohibiting gender discrimination in any educational program receiving federal funds.
June 28: Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.
July: Actress Jane Fonda tours North Vietnam, during which she is photographed sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun.
July 1: The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms becomes independent from the IRS.
July 25: U.S. health officials admit that African Americans were used as guinea pigs in the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male.
Aug. 12: The last U.S. ground troops are withdrawn from Vietnam.
Sept. 1: Bobby Fischer defeats Boris Spassky in a chess match at Reykjavík, Iceland, becoming the first American chess champion.
Sept. 4: The first episode of “The Price Is Right” is hosted on CBS by Bob Barker. “Gambit” and “The Joker's Wild” also premiere.
Oct. 25: The first female FBI agents are hired.
Nov. 7: Nixon defeats Democratic Sen. George Mcgovern in a landslide (the presidential election had the lowest voter turnout since 1948, with only 55% of the electorate voting).
Nov. 8: HBO begins operating as a pay television service.
Dec. 14: Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final extra-vehicular activity of Apollo 17.