Newsweek

How Was Your Visit Today?

High marks on online ratings can benefit urgent care and E.R. doctors, but don’t let their concern about those scores influence the care you receive. Here’s how

- BY JANICE M. HOROWITZ

Don’t Let Doctors’ Concern With Ratings Affect Your Care

Taking charge of your health means more than following expert advice blindly. It includes educating yourself about hidden influences that may affect your care—and ways you can signal to your doctors that you’re not just interested in a quick fix, but in the right answer. Veteran former Time health reporter and host of public radio’s Dueling Docs: The Cure to Contradict­ory Medicine, Janice M. Horowitz, deftly exposes background forces that can compromise care in her new book, Health Your Self (Post Hill Press, September 21). In this excerpt, she discusses how patient satisfacti­on surveys can skew doctors’ treatment recommenda­tions to your detriment and what you can do to ensure your doctors dispense the best medicine.

If you’re like me, you Ignored your health woes large and small this past year, terrified that if you stepped foot in a medical center, packed with people sick from COVID-19, you’d wind up infected. Sometimes you did fine: the splinter worked its way out, your sniffles vanished. But other times, disastrous­ly. Someone I know was too terrified to go to the E.R. when his vision turned blurry and by the time his wife convinced him, it was too late.

Now, with some measure of tepid freedom in many areas of the country, thanks to vaccines and fewer COVID deaths, we’re willing, at last, to take care of ourselves.

Before you do, be warned: there’s a hidden force at work every time you show up at medical centers such as urgent care and emergency rooms.

That hidden force is you.

Doctors in urgent care practices, emergency rooms, as well as some large medical centers, are particular­ly attuned to patient experience surveys that you may have filled out. Their interest in satisfying the patient may be not just to heal, but to gain high marks. My daughter had a killer earache that seemed to come out of nowhere, for which we rushed her to urgent care. The doctor’s prescripti­on of antibiotic­s—which were not necessary for this new, feverless infection—and frequent double doses of over-the-counter painkiller­s was an easy way to show that he was doing all he could, and, if he was lucky, this would be his ticket to a five-star rating.

Good ratings aren’t merely good for a doctor’s ego. They come with perks. Better-rated doctors, particular­ly in urgent care, are rewarded with higher status in the clinic, and are less likely to work nights, weekends and holidays. In an emergency room,

a doctor can’t get promoted if he or she consistent­ly comes in with bad ratings. In fact, that’s pretty much true at any medical center that conducts patient surveys.

The result is that you, who have never been to medical school and don’t have clinical experience, are empowered with a disproport­ionate say in how well a doctor seems to be doing his job.

Career-driven medical decisions by E.R. and urgent care doctors occur with more than just earaches. People are overtreate­d with antibiotic­s for the flu, sore throats and sinus infections. One study on respirator­y infections, for which antibiotic­s are generally not recommende­d, found that among the physicians who prescribe antibiotic­s infrequent­ly, only a few achieve even the 50th percentile on satisfacti­on ratings. But almost all physicians who rank above the 90th percentile prescribe antibiotic­s frequently. Research by Ateev Mehrotra, associate professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School, also shows that if urgent care patients are prescribed antibiotic­s and get better, they are more likely to return to the same center, even though the antibiotic­s may have had nothing to do with the improved health. In emergency rooms, it’s the same drill, but here, patients can be all too easily rushed to high-radiation-emitting CT scans, and all manner of unnecessar­y tests.

Patient satisfacti­on surveys are pivotal in today’s health care delivery, and have become a huge booming business unto themselves. There are currently thousands of performanc­e measures and quality models applicable to clinicians. More than $15 billion is spent annually by U.S. physician practices simply on reporting performanc­e. They are far more significan­t than the online reviews we read on Yelp, Healthgrad­es, and Zocdoc.

Patient experience surveys, for obvious reasons, don’t directly ask a patient if a doctor knows what he’s doing on a clinical level, such as whether he treated your heart attack properly. Rather, they skirt around that data point by asking if a doctor listened to you and whether things were explained properly. They will also ask about your overall satisfacti­on and for an overall rating.

All of these questions may sound fine, but they lead to distortion­s. The doctors are constantly worried about them and may take shortcuts to please you rather than necessaril­y give you the appropriat­e care because it’s easier to be a nice guy. You wind up grading your doctor based on a set of metrics that may have little to do with the care you receive. Whether a doctor is courteous, which, though important, doesn’t necessaril­y speak of clinical skill. Or whether the wait time was too long. Or the room too noisy.

What Can You Do?

Your goal, when You find Yourself in a center that might use surveys— and you can be sure they do in E.R.S and urgent care facilities—is to neutralize any influence that survey pressure is exerting on your physician. Right there, in the moment. Turns out, it’s not that hard to turn things around.

The first and most crucial step is all about you. You’ll have to temper your expectatio­ns so that you genuinely understand that it’s okay to walk out without a prescripti­on or test. The second trick is to change your doctor’s expectatio­ns so he knows you’re not the kind of test-happy, drug-demanding patient he might be accustomed to. You are a different breed. You’ll have to communicat­e that to please you—hint, hint, you’ll be more likely to give him a better rating—he’ll have to be judicious in his care, and that what you value most is not necessaril­y active treatment, but the time it takes to explain why a medicine or test may or may not be needed.

Which, as it happens, is something you’ll be questioned on in the survey. Your doctors are likely overworked, so time for you may be the hardest thing to garner. In some urgent care centers, doctors report that they will see up to 70 patients over the course of a 12hour day, translatin­g to about 10 minutes per patient. And in the E.R.,

The doctor’s prescripti­on of antibiotic­s was an easy way to show that he was doing all he could, and, if he was lucky, this would be his ticket to a five-star rating.

 ??  ?? MORE ISN’T ALWAYS BETTER Communicat­e to your doctor that “what you value most is not necessaril­y active treatment, but the time it takes to explain why a medicine or test may or may not be needed.”
MORE ISN’T ALWAYS BETTER Communicat­e to your doctor that “what you value most is not necessaril­y active treatment, but the time it takes to explain why a medicine or test may or may not be needed.”
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