Orlando Sentinel - - PEOPLE & ARTS -

On Dec. 30, 1813, Bri­tish troops burned Buf­falo, New York, dur­ing the War of 1812.

In 1853, the United States and Mex­ico signed a treaty un­der which the U.S. agreed to buy some 45,000 square miles of land from Mex­ico for $10 mil­lion in a deal known as the

Gads­den Pur­chase.

In 1860, 10 days after South Carolina se­ceded from the Union, the state mili­tia seized the United States Arse­nal in Charleston.

In 1903, about 600 peo­ple died when fire broke out at the re­cently opened Iro­quois The­ater in Chicago.

In 1922, Vladimir Lenin pro­claimed the es­tab­lish­ment of the Union of Soviet So­cial­ist Re­publics, which lasted nearly seven decades be­fore dis­solv­ing in December 1991.

In 1936, the United Auto Work­ers union staged its first “sit-down” strike at the General Mo­tors Fisher Body Plant No. 1 in Flint, Michi­gan.

In 1940, Cal­i­for­nia’s first free­way, the Ar­royo Seco Park­way con­nect­ing Los Angeles and Pasadena, was of­fi­cially opened by Gov. Cul­bert L. Ol­son.

In 1942, a near-riot of bobby-sox­ers greeted the open­ing of Frank Si­na­tra’s singing en­gage­ment at the Paramount The­ater in New York’s Times Square.

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