Orlando Sentinel

Flights start taking Haitians home

US blocks section of border where migrants camped

- By Juan A. Lozano, Eric Gay and Elliot Spagat

DEL RIO, Texas — The United States acted Sunday to stem the flow of migrants into Texas by blocking the Mexican border at an isolated town where thousands of Haitian refugees set up a camp, and American officials began flying some of the migrants back to their homeland.

About a dozen Texas Department of Public Safety vehicles lined up near the bridge and river where Haitians have been crossing from Ciudad Acuna, Mexico, into Del Rio, Texas, for almost three weeks.

The migrants initially found other ways to cross nearby until they were confronted by federal and state law enforcemen­t. An Associated Press reporter saw Haitian immigrants still crossing the river into the U.S. about 1.5 miles east of the previous spot, but they were eventually stopped by Border Patrol agents on horseback and Texas law enforcemen­t officials.

As they crossed, some Haitians carried boxes on their heads filled with food. Some removed their pants before getting into the river and carried them. Others were unconcerne­d about getting wet.

Agents yelled at the migrants who were crossing in the waist-deep river

to get out of the water. The several hundred who had successful­ly crossed and were sitting along the river bank on the U.S. side were ordered to the Del Rio camp. “Go now,” agents yelled. Mexican authoritie­s in an airboat told others trying to cross to go back into Mexico.

Migrant Charlie Jean had crossed back into Ciudad Acuna from the camps to get food for his wife and three daughters, ages 2, 5 and 12. He was waiting on the Mexican side for a restaurant to bring him an order of rice.

“We need food for every day. I can go without, but my kids can’t,” said Jean, who had been living in Chile for five years before beginning the trek north to the U.S. It

was unknown if he made it back across and to the camp.

Mexico said Sunday it would also begin deporting Haitians to their homeland. A government official said the flights would be from towns near the U.S. border and the border with Guatemala, where the largest group remains.

Haitians have been migrating to the U.S. in large numbers from South America for several years, many having left their Caribbean nation after a devastatin­g 2010 earthquake. After jobs dried up from the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, many made the dangerous trek by foot, bus and car to the U.S. border, including through the infamous

Darien Gap, a Panamanian jungle.

Some of the migrants at the Del Rio camp said the recent devastatin­g earthquake in Haiti and the assassinat­ion of President Jovenel Moise make them afraid to return to a country that seems more unstable than when they left.

“In Haiti, there is no security,” said Fabricio Jean, a 38-year-old Haitian who arrived in Texas with his wife and two daughters. “The country is in a political crisis.”

Border Patrol Chief Raul Ortiz said Sunday that 3,300 migrants have already been removed from the Del Rio camp to planes or detention centers, and he expects to

have 3,000 of the approximat­ely 12,600 remaining migrants moved within a day. The rest should be gone within the week, he said. The first three planes left San Antonio for Portau-Prince on Sunday, with the first arriving in the afternoon.

“We are working around the clock to expeditiou­sly move migrants out of the heat, elements and from underneath this bridge to our processing facilities in order to quickly process and remove individual­s from the United States consistent with our laws and our policies,” Ortiz said at news conference at the Del Rio bridge. The Texas city of about 35,000 people sits roughly 145 miles west of San Antonio.

The rapid expulsions were made possible by a pandemic-related authority adopted by former President Donald Trump in March 2020 that allows for migrants to be immediatel­y removed from the country without an opportunit­y to seek asylum. President Joe Biden exempted unaccompan­ied children from the order but let the rest stand.

Any Haitians not expelled are subject to immigratio­n laws, which include rights to seek asylum and other forms of humanitari­an protection. Families are quickly released in the U.S. because the government cannot generally hold children.

Meanwhile in Haiti, three flights landed at the Port-auPrince airport, each carrying 145 people.

Families arriving on the first flight held children by the hand or carried them as they lined up to receive a plate of rice, beans, chicken and plantains and wondered where they would sleep and how they would make money to support their families.

All the deportees were given $100 and tested for COVID-19, though authoritie­s were not planning to put them into quarantine, said Marie-Lourde Jean-Charles with the Office of National Migration.

Some migrants said they were planning to leave Haiti again as soon as possible. Valeria Ternission, 29, said she and her husband want to travel with their 4-year-old son back to Chile, where she worked as a bakery’s cashier.

 ?? SARAH BLAKE MORGAN/AP ?? Migrants find an alternate place to cross Sunday from Mexico to the United States after access to a dam was closed in Ciudad Acuna, Mexico. U.S. officials said they plan to ramp up expulsion flights for some Haitian migrants.
SARAH BLAKE MORGAN/AP Migrants find an alternate place to cross Sunday from Mexico to the United States after access to a dam was closed in Ciudad Acuna, Mexico. U.S. officials said they plan to ramp up expulsion flights for some Haitian migrants.

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