The New Mex­ico His­tory Mu­seum opens The First World War

On Mon­day, Nov. 11, 1918, The New Mex­i­can’s top story was her­alded by a bank of five head­lines:

Pasatiempo - - CONTENTS - — Paul Wei­de­man

WORLD WAR ENDS Scourge of Na­tions Ends at 6 a.m. Armistice is Agreed to By Ger­mans at Mid­night and Six Hours Later the Last Gun is Fired

in the All-Na­tions Com­bat — Terms to Be An­nounced Later Revo­lu­tion Spreads All Over Ger­many as Kaiser and Fam­ily Are in Flight Pres­i­dent Ad­dresses Joint Ses­sion of Congress To­day Read­ing Armistice Terms

More than 17,000 re­cruits from New Mex­ico served in the U.S. mil­i­tary dur­ing the war that lasted more than four years. Their ser­vice is cel­e­brated in The First World War, open­ing Sun­day, Nov. 11, at the New Mex­ico His­tory Mu­seum. Some of the New Mex­ico sol­diers who served in the war over­seas had also seen ac­tion closer to home. In re­tal­i­a­tion for Fran­cisco “Pan­cho” Villa’s raid on the town of Colum­bus, New Mex­i­cans fought in 1916 and 1917 un­der Gen. John J. “Black Jack” Per­sh­ing in the Mex­i­can Puni­tive Ex­pe­di­tion. Ten Amer­i­can of­fi­cers and sol­diers were killed in that ac­tion. But 501 of the state’s sol­diers lost their lives in World War I.

“The First World War per­ma­nent ex­hi­bi­tion open­ing on Vet­er­ans’ Day 2018 at the New Mex­ico His­tory Mu­seum cap­tures the essence of the hard­ship, fears, hopes, dreams, and heart­break of New Mex­i­cans who served,” said Devo­rah Ro­manek, curator of ex­hibits at the Univer­sity of New Mex­ico’s Maxwell Mu­seum of An­thro­pol­ogy and guest curator of the new ex­hi­bi­tion. “For some, the call to serve led to global travel and new per­spec­tives, but the yearn­ing for home was al­ways present.”

Pri­vate Ser­vando Gonzales (left) of Ti­jeras, and fel­low mu­si­cians of the 19th In­fantry, Com­pany E, circa 1919; right, front page of The Santa Fe NewMex­i­can on Nov. 11, 1918; ar­chive photo

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