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How to turn your ipad into a true laptop replacemen­t

The ipad pulls off a surprising­ly good laptop impersonat­ion these days, if you’re willing to meet it in the middle.

- BY MATT SMITH

Can an ipad replace a laptop? That’s a question with an obvious answer: Yes, it can. It has a screen, runs apps, and can connect to the Internet. The real question is not whether an ipad can replace a laptop, but whether you can use it for that purpose without rage-quitting Google Docs and chucking it out a window. Again, the answer is yes—but it does take some effort, in both your setup and how you use your ipad.

A KEYBOARD AND AN APPLE PENCIL ARE MANDATORY

You’ll need a keyboard to use your ipad as a laptop replacemen­t. I’m biased, of course, as

you can bet I didn’t write this article on my ipad’s touchscree­n. Still, nearly everyone needs to write or respond to emails, social media posts, and instant messages on a regular basis. That means buying a keyboard.

Apple’s Magic keyboard ( go. pcworld.com/ mgkd) is the obvious choice ( go.pcworld.com/obch) if you have a recent ipad Pro or ipad Air, but it’s not necessary. I have an older ipad Pro and use it with Logitech’s Combo Touch ( go. pcworld.com/lgct). Brydge ( go.pcworld. com/brde) and Zagg ( go.pcworld.com/ zagg) also make solid ipad keyboards.

You should also pick up an Apple Pencil ( go.pcworld.com/apnc). It improves the ipad experience for many precision tasks. You can use the Pencil to edit a photo, sign a document, or move tasks in a project management app. You can accomplish all of this with a touchpad, but you’ll discover the Pencil is faster and more intuitive.

Buying a keyboard and an Apple Pencil is expensive. You’re looking at a minimum of about $300 for a third-party keyboard and the first-gen Apple Pencil, and up to $480 if you’re buying a new Magic Keyboard for the 12.9-inch ipad Pro ( go.pcworld.com/12kb) and the 2nd-gen Apple Pencil ( go.pcworld. com/apnc). Using the ipad as a laptop replacemen­t means spending laptop money.

LEARN TO USE TOUCH AND KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS

The ipad’s touchscree­n supports the shortcuts you’re familiar with from a smartphone, such as pinch to zoom, but offers advanced shortcuts that are less obvious.

The multitaski­ng shortcuts ( go.pcworld. com/msht) are the most important to learn, yet they’re not intuitive. Slide Over, which lets

you view one app in a small window while another is full screen, tripped me up for days. I suggest bookmarkin­g Apple’s ipad multitaski­ng help page ( go.pcworld.com/ mhlp). Refer to it as often as needed to build your muscle memory.

You’ll also want to learn the keyboard shortcuts ( go.pcworld.com/ksht). MACOS users won’t have much issue here as shortcuts mostly carry over, but those making a switch from Windows will feel lost.

My favorite shortcut is CommandSpa­cebar, which opens search and is often the quickest way to launch or switch from one app to another. Another great shortcut is Command-option-d, which opens the dock. This is useful for launching into Slide Over or Split View, as you can do both of these things by dragging an app up from the dock.

Look, I get it. Learning new shortcuts can be annoying. After years of feeling like an expert you’ll feel like a complete noob. Endure the frustratio­n for a few weeks, however, and you’ll be surprised at how capable an ipad feels.

FILE MANAGEMENT IN APPS AND THE CLOUD

Files came to the ipad with the release of IOS 11 and has evolved ever since. It’s an essential app to learn but, like ipados shortcuts, it can prove frustratin­g for new owners because it works differentl­y from file navigation on a laptop.

The Files app doesn’t show drive directorie­s like the Explorer and Finder apps on Windows or MACOS laptops. It instead lumps your storage into several big buckets named Locations. All ipads will include the On My ipad (which is local storage), icloud Drive, and Recently Deleted locations.

The On My ipad folder will include folders for apps you’ve used to save files to your local storage. In other words, you’ll save files to a folder with the same name

as the app you’re using to save the file. That’s a departure from the setup on most laptops, where you’d often save to a general-purpose folder labeled Photos or Documents. You can create folders in the Files app and then use them to save files from multiple apps, but they’re not there by default.

Personally, I just skip this and lean on cloud storage, which is another common point of confusion. Files doesn’t treat cloud storage differentl­y from local storage. Apple’s own icloud Drive is listed by default, and you can also add Onedrive or Google Drive.

Once added, these services appear in Files exactly like local storage. New ipad owners often miss this because cloud services like Onedrive and Google Drive have their own ipad apps. In fact, you must download these apps before you can add these services to the Files app. It’s easy to mistakenly think you have to use other cloud services independen­t of Files.

You can drag and drop files with touch, the touchpad, or an Apple Pencil. It’s even possible to move directly between folders by opening two Files app views in Split View, and to move files from the Files app to other compatible apps, like Notes or an image editor.

However, it’s often quicker and easier to move and manipulate files with the context menu. Just touch a file for a second with your finger or an Apple Pencil, or right-click with a touchpad. If you want to move multiple files, tap Select in the upper right corner, select the files you want to manipulate, and then use the shortcuts that appear at the bottom of the

Files app. This is the best way to share, copy, move, or delete files.

ipados 15 ( go.pcworld.com/ip15) will make several key improvemen­ts to the Files app. It will add a status bar for file transfers, support for external drives formatted in NTFS, and a drag-to-select feature when using a

mouse or touchpad. That last will be key in helping users making the switch from a laptop feel comfortabl­e on the ipad.

DITCH GOOGLE

Leaning on Google can cause problems for ipad owners. The Google Docs and Google Sheets apps are notoriousl­y bad. You sortakinda can fix Google’s lackluster apps by using Docs, Sheets, and other Google services in Safari, just as you would on a laptop. This can cause performanc­e issues on less powerful ipads, however. It’s also not useful if you’re working offline or have a spotty Internet connection.

What do you use if you ditch Google? Apple’s own apps are an obvious but often forgotten solution. Mail, Pages, and Numbers all work well for personal use. They’re fast and feel more at home on the ipad because the apps share an interface found in other key apps, like the Files app.

Microsoft’s Office apps are another great choice. All the Office apps on ipad are fast and play nice with the ipad’s features and multitaski­ng. The only big downside is price: An Office 365 subscripti­on starts at $6.99 per month ( go.pcworld.com/365s), discounted to about $5.83 per month if you pay annually.

There’s a hoard of apps specific to the ipad as well. You can find productivi­ty apps aimed at journaling, note-taking, document markup, and much more. These task-specific apps can prove a better choice than a more general document, spreadshee­t, or presentati­on app if most of your productivi­ty is focused on that particular task.

TAKE A DIFFERENT APPROACH TO PERIPHERAL­S

Every ipad has one port. Older models have the inconvenie­nt Lightning connector and newer models have the more useful USB-C port. It’s a major limitation either way. An ipad can’t be

used with multiple wired peripheral­s unless it’s paired with a dock. That might mean rethinking how you use peripheral­s with the ipad.

It’s tempting to replicate your current laptop setup ( go.pcworld.com/lsup), but that can lead to frustratio­n. You’re better off accepting the perks and problems of the ipad’s lack of ports. For some, this will be the breaking point: Perhaps you don’t want to use cloud storage, or you believe a multipledi­splay setup ( go.pcworld.com/dstp) is necessary for productivi­ty.

But if you embrace the ipad philosophy, you’ll find it has advantages. Moving away from your desk will be quicker and easier because you’ll have few, if any, wired devices connected. Cloud storage provides easy access to all your files across all your devices with the bonus of automatic backups. Less display real estate can help you keep focused on tasks and ignore distractio­ns.

An ipad is also a great opportunit­y to ditch a large, powerful laptop and return to a desktop PC. A desktop can do anything a laptop PC would do for less cash and can be upgraded over time. Pairing a desktop PC with an ipad can give you the best of all worlds.

THE IPAD IS A GREAT LAPTOP REPLACEMEN­T, IF YOU PUT IN SOME WORK

My 2017-era ipad Pro has become my day-today laptop replacemen­t. It’s the device I reach for first when I’m away from my desk. Getting to this point took effort, though. Even today, I’ll find myself trying to open a file as I would on a Windows laptop.

You might wonder, why bother learning the ipad when I’m already comfortabl­e on my laptop? I don’t have an answer for that. If you’re happy with your laptop, great! Stick with it ( go.pcworld.com/skit). But if you’d like to try something different, or you don’t currently own a laptop, the ipad is a capable and enjoyable day-to-day device that offers new ways to accomplish familiar tasks.

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 ??  ?? Apple’s Magic Keyboard is expensive, but it’s a must-have if you want to use an ipad as a laptop.
Apple’s Magic Keyboard is expensive, but it’s a must-have if you want to use an ipad as a laptop.
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The ipad’s touchscree­n offers advanced shortcuts.
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The On My ipad folder includes folders for apps you’ve used to save files to your local storage.
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Microsoft Word on the ipad.
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An ipad Pro (wi (with a Magic Key Keyboard) ver versus a Ma Macbook Pro.

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