Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

How to avoid buying a lemon car


Finding a trouble-free used car has everything to do with applying good research and investigat­ive skills. Here’s some advice from Consumer Reports:

• Check the reliabilit­y record. Select models with a good reliabilit­y record before you begin shopping.

• Read the window sticker. Usually attached to a window, the buyer's guide must contain certain informatio­n, including whether the vehicle is being sold “as is” or with a warranty, and what percentage of repair costs (if any) the dealer is obligated to pay. The buyer’s guide informatio­n overrides any contrary provisions in your sales contract.

• Check the exterior. Begin by doing a walkaround of the car, looking for dents, chipped paint, mismatched body panels or parts, broken lamp housings and chipped windows.

• Check the interior. A long look into the cabin can reveal such obvious problems as a sagging headliner, cracked dashboard and missing knobs, handles and buttons. Prematurel­y worn pedals or a sagging driver's seat are signs that the vehicle has very high mileage.

• Check under the hood. At first glance, the engine, radiator and battery should be relatively grease-free and have very little or no corrosion. Belts and hoses should be pliable and unworn. Look for wet spots, which can indicate leaking oil or fluids. Melted wires, tubes or lines, or a blackened firewall may be signs of overheatin­g or even an engine fire.

• Check the tires. Wear should be even across the width of the tread and the same on the left and right sides of the car. Tires that are frequently used while over-inflated tend to have more wear in the middle; tires driven while underinfla­ted tend to wear more on the sides. Heavy wear on the outside shoulder near the sidewall of the tire indicates a car that has been driven hard.

• Check the vehicle's history. A vehicle-history report from CarFax or Experian Automotive can alert you to possible odometer fraud; reveal past fire, flood and accident damage; or tell you if a rebuilt or salvage title has ever been issued for the vehicle.

• Visit a mechanic. Before you buy a used vehicle, Consumer Reports recommends having it inspected by a qualified mechanic who routinely does automotive diagnostic work. A thorough diagnosis should cost around $120.

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