On this day, Dec. 8

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - - News - — John Len­non (1940-1980)

1854 Pope Pius IX pro­claimed the Catholic dogma of the Im­mac­u­late Con­cep­tion, which holds that Mary, the

mother of Je­sus, was free of orig­i­nal sin from the mo­ment of her own con­cep­tion.

1863 Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln is­sued his Procla­ma­tion of Amnesty and Re­con­struc­tion for the South.

1937 Pitts­burgh be­came the cen­ter of na­tional steel pro­duc­tion when United States Steel de­cided to move its man­age­ment head­quar­ters to Pitts­burgh.

1941 The United States en­tered World War II as Congress de­clared war against Im­pe­rial Ja­pan, a day af­ter the at­tack on Pearl Har­bor.

1980 Rock star John Len­non was shot to death out­side his New York City apart­ment build­ing by an ap­par­ently de­ranged fan.

1987 Pitts­burgh Bishop An­thony Bevilac­qua was named to suc­ceed John Car­di­nal Krol as Arch­bishop of Philadel­phia. 1998 Strug­gling to stave off im­peach­ment, Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton’s de­fend­ers force­fully pleaded his case be­fore the House Ju­di­ciary Com­mit­tee.

2001 The U.S. Capi­tol was re­opened to tourists af­ter a two-month se­cu­rity shut­down. Some items are from Ste­fan Lo­rant’s

“Pitts­burgh: The Story of an Amer­i­can City” (dig­i­tal.li­brary.pitt.edu/chronol­ogy).

— Com­piled by Alyssa Brown

To­day’s birthdays: Singer Jerry But­ler,

79. Pop mu­si­cian Bobby El­liott (The Hol­lies),

77. Ac­tress Kim Basinger, 65. Ac­tress Teri Hatcher, 54. Singer Sinead O’Con­nor, 52. Ac­tress Wal­lis Cur­rie-Wood, 27.

Thought for to­day: “The un­known is what it is. And to be fright­ened of it is what sends ev­ery­body scur­ry­ing around chas­ing dreams, il­lu­sions, wars, peace, love, hate, all that. Un­known is what it is. Ac­cept that it’s un­known and it’s plain sail­ing.”

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