In 1783: Sweden recognized the independen­ce of the United States.

In 1919: movie studio United Artists was incorporat­ed by Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, D.W. Griffith and Charles Chaplin.

In 1922: the first edition of Reader’s Digest was published.

In 1937: President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed increasing the number of U.S. Supreme Court justices; the proposal, which failed in Congress, drew accusation­s from opponents that Roosevelt was attempting to “pack” the nation’s highest court.

In 1953: Walt Disney’s animated feature “Peter Pan” was released.

In 1967: “The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour” premiered on CBS-TV.

In 1971: Apollo 14 astronauts Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell stepped onto the surface of the moon in the first of two lunar excursions.

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