TO­DAY IN HISTORY

Richmond Times-Dispatch Weekend - - NEWS -

To­day is Satur­day, Dec. 8, the 342nd day of 2018. There are 23 days left in the year.

On Dec. 8, 1941, the United States en­tered World War II as Congress de­clared war against Im­pe­rial Ja­pan, a day after the at­tack on Pearl Har­bor.

In 1813, Beethoven’s Sym­phony No. 7 in A Ma­jor, Op.

92, was first per­formed in Vi­enna, with Beethoven him­self con­duct­ing.

In 1854, Pope Pius IX pro­claimed the Catholic dogma of the Im­mac­u­late Con­cep­tion, which holds that Mary, the mother of Je­sus, was free of orig­i­nal sin from the mo­ment of her own con­cep­tion.

In 1863, Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln is­sued his Procla­ma­tion of Amnesty and Re­con­struc­tion for the South.

In 1886, the Amer­i­can Fed­er­a­tion of La­bor was founded in Colum­bus, Ohio.

In 1972, a United Air­lines Boe­ing 737 crashed while at­tempt­ing to land at Chicago-Mid­way Air­port, killing 43 of the 61 peo­ple on board, as well as two peo­ple on the ground; among the dead were Dorothy Hunt, wife of Water­gate con­spir­a­tor E. Howard Hunt, U.S. Rep. Ge­orge W. Collins, D-Ill., and CBS News cor­re­spon­dent Michele Clark.

In 1980, rock star John Len­non was shot to death out­side his New York City apart­ment build­ing by an ap­par­ently de­ranged fan.

In 1982, a man de­mand­ing an end to nu­clear weapons held the Wash­ing­ton Mon­u­ment hostage, threat­en­ing to blow it up with ex­plo­sives he claimed were in­side a van. (After a 10-hour stand­off, Nor­man D. Mayer was shot dead by po­lice; it turned out there were no ex­plo­sives.)

In 1987, Pres­i­dent Ronald Rea­gan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gor­bachev signed a treaty at the White House call­ing for de­struc­tion of in­ter­me­di­ate-range nu­clear mis­siles.

In 1991, AIDS pa­tient Kim­berly Ber­galis, who had con­tracted the dis­ease from her den­tist, died in Fort Pierce, Fla., at age 23.

In 1992, Amer­i­cans got to see live tele­vi­sion cov­er­age of U.S. troops land­ing on the beaches of So­ma­lia as Op­er­a­tion Re­store Hope be­gan.

In 1998, strug­gling to stave off im­peach­ment, Pres­i­dent

Bill Clin­ton’s de­fend­ers force­fully pleaded his case be­fore the House Ju­di­ciary Com­mit­tee. The Supreme Court ruled that po­lice can­not search peo­ple and their cars after merely tick­et­ing them for rou­tine traf­fic vi­o­la­tions.

In 2001, the U.S. Capi­tol was re­opened to tourists after a twom­onth se­cu­rity shut­down.

Ten years ago: In a star­tling about-face, Khalid Sheikh Mo­hammed told the Guan­tanamo war crimes tri­bunal he would con­fess to mas­ter­mind­ing the Sept. 11 at­tacks; four other men also aban­doned their de­fenses. A mal­func­tion­ing F/A-18D Hor­net mil­i­tary jet try­ing to reach Ma­rine Corps Air Sta­tion Mi­ra­mar slammed into a densely pop­u­lated San Diego neigh­bor­hood, killing four mem­bers of a fam­ily and in­cin­er­at­ing two homes; the pi­lot ejected safely.

Five years ago: Hun­dreds of thou­sands of pro­test­ers poured into the streets of the Ukrainian cap­i­tal of Kiev, top­pling the statue of for­mer Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin and block­ing key gov­ern­ment build­ings in an es­ca­lat­ing stand-off with the pres­i­dent on the fu­ture of the coun­try.

One year ago: Dur­ing a cam­paign rally in the Florida pan­han­dle, near the Alabama bor­der, Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump urged Alabama vot­ers to elect Repub­li­can Se­nate can­di­date

Roy Moore, who had been dogged by al­le­ga­tions of sex­ual mis­con­duct.

To­day’s Birthdays: Flutist

James Gal­way is 79. Singer Jerry But­ler is 79. Pop mu­si­cian Bobby El­liott (The Hol­lies) is 77. Ac­tress Mary Woronov is 75. Ac­tor John Ru­bin­stein is 72. Reg­gae singer Toots Hib­bert (Toots and the May­tals) is 70. Ac­tress Kim Basinger is 65. Rock mu­si­cian Phil Collen (Def Leppard) is 61. Coun­try singer Marty Ray­bon is 59. World Bank Pres­i­dent Jim Yong Kim is 59. Po­lit­i­cal com­men­ta­tor Ann Coul­ter is 57. Rock mu­si­cian Marty Fried­man is 56. Ac­tor Wen­dell Pierce is 55. Ac­tress Teri Hatcher is 54. Rap­per Bush­wick Bill (The Geto Boys) is 52. Singer Sinead O’Con­nor (AKA Shuhada’ Davitt) is 52. Ac­tor Matthew Laborteaux is 52. Rock mu­si­cian Ryan Newell (Sis­ter Hazel) is 46. Ac­tor Do­minic Mon­aghan is 42. Ac­tor Ian Somer­halder is 40. Rock singer In­grid Michael­son is 39. R&B singer Chrisette Michele is 36. Ac­tress Han­nah Ware is 36. Coun­try singer Sam Hunt is 34. Rock singer-ac­tress Kate Voegele is 32. Chris­tian rock mu­si­cian Jen Ledger (Skil­let) is 29. Ac­tress Wal­lis Cur­rie-Wood is 27. Ac­tress An­naSophia Robb is 25.

Thought for To­day: “The un­known is what it is. And to be fright­ened of it is what sends ev­ery­body scur­ry­ing around chas­ing dreams, il­lu­sions, wars, peace, love, hate, all that. Un­known is what it is. Ac­cept that it’s un­known and it’s plain sail­ing.” — John Len­non (1940-1980).

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