Richmond Times-Dispatch Weekend

TODAY IN HISTORY

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Today is Saturday, Jan. 2, the second day of 2021. There are 363 days left in the year.

On Jan. 2,1974, President Richard Nixon signed legislatio­n requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 mph as a way of conserving gasoline in the face of an OPEC oil embargo. ( The 55 mph limit was effectivel­y phased out in 1987; federal speed limits were abolished in 1995.)

In 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the U. S. Constituti­on.

In 1811, Sen. Timothy Pickering, a Federalist from Massachuse­tts, became the first member of the U. S. Senate to be censured after he’d improperly revealed the contents of an executive document.

In 1921, religious services were broadcast on radio for the first time as KDKA in Pittsburg-haired the regular Sunday service of the city’s Calvary Episcopal Church.

In 1959, the Soviet Union launched its space probe Luna 1, the first manmade object to fly past the moon, its apparent intended target.

In 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachuse­tts launched his successful bid for the presidency.

In 1967, Republican Ronald Reagan took the oath of office as the new governor of California in a ceremony that took place in Sacramento shortly after midnight.

In 1971, 66 people were killed in a pileup of spectators leaving a soccer match at Ibrox Stadium in Glasgow, Scotland.

In 1981, police in Sheffield, England, arrested Peter Sutcliffe, who confessed to being the “Yorkshire Ripper,” the serial killer of 13 women.

In 1983, the original Broadway production of the musical “Annie” closed after a run of 2,377 performanc­es.

In 2007, the state funeral for former President Gerald R. Ford began with an elaborate service at Washington National Cathedral, then moved to Grand Rapids, Mich.

In 2015, California began issuing driver’s licenses to immigrants who were in the country illegally. Little Jimmy Dickens, a diminutive singer- song-writer who was the oldest cast member of the Grand Ole Opry, died at age 94.

In 2018, Sen. Al Franken formally resigned from the Senate a month after the Minnesota Democrat announced his plan to leave Congress amid a series of sexual misconduct allegation­s.

Ten years ago: The U. S. Navy said it would investigat­e raunchy videos broadcast to the crew of the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise. ( Capt. Owen P. Honors, who’d produced the videos as the ship’s executive officer, was removed as the Enterprise’s commander but was later allowed to remain in the Navy.) Maj. Richard “Dick” Winters, who’d fought in several major battles in World War II and whose quiet leadership was chronicled in the book and television miniseries “Band of Brothers,” died in Lebanon County, Pa., at age 92.

Five yearsago: A heavily armed group led by Ammon and Ryan Bundy seized the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in Oregon, beginning a 41day standoff to protest the imprisonme­nt of two ranchers convicted of setting fires on public land and to demand the federal government turn over public lands to local control.

One year ago: The Trump administra­tion announced that it would begin cracking down on most flavored e- cigarettes that were popular with underage teenagers; the plan included exceptions benefittin­g vaping manufactur­ers, retailers and adults who used the nicotine- delivery devices.

Today’s Birthdays: Former House Speaker Dennis Hastert is 79. TV host Jack Hanna is 74. Actor Wendy Phillips is 69. Actor Cynthia Sikes is 67. Actor Gabrielle Carteris is 60. Movie director Todd Haynes is

60. Actor Tia Carrere is 54. Actor Cuba Gooding Jr. is

53. Model Christy Turlington is 52. Actor Renée Elise Goldsberry is 50. Actor Dax Shepard is 46. Actor Paz Vega is 45. Rhythm- andblues singer Kelton Kessee ( IMX) is 40. Actor Kate Bosworth is 38. Actor Peter Gadiot is 36. Jazz singermusi­cian Trombone

Shorty is 35. Singer- songwriter Mandy Harvey ( TV: “America’s Got Talent”) is 33. Rhythm- and- blues singer- rapper Bryson Tiller is 28.

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