Richmond Times-Dispatch - - METRO BUSINESS -

To­day is Mon­day, Feb. 11, the 42nd day of 2019. There are 323 days left in the year.

On Feb. 11, 1990, South African black ac­tivist Nel­son Man­dela was freed af­ter 27 years in cap­tiv­ity.

In 1531, the Church of Eng­land grudg­ingly ac­cepted King Henry VIII as its supreme head.

In 1929, the Lat­eran Treaty was signed, with Italy rec­og­niz­ing the in­de­pen­dence and sovereignty of Vat­i­can City.

In 1937, a 6-week-old sit-down strike against Gen­eral Mo­tors ended, with the com­pany agree­ing to rec­og­nize the United Au­to­mo­bile Work­ers Union.

In 1945, Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt, Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Win­ston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin signed the Yalta Agree­ment, in which Stalin agreed to de­clare war against Im­pe­rial Ja­pan fol­low­ing Nazi Ger­many’s ca­pit­u­la­tion.

In 1963, Amer­i­can au­thor and poet Sylvia Plath was found dead in her London flat, a sui­cide; she was 30.

In 1968, New York City’s fourth and cur­rent Madi­son Square Gar­den, lo­cated on Man­hat­tan’s West Side at the site of what used to be the Penn­syl­va­nia Sta­tion build­ing, opened with a “Salute to the USO” hosted by Bob Hope and Bing Crosby. (The same evening, the New York Rangers played their fi­nal game at the third Gar­den, ty­ing the Detroit Red Wings 3-3.)

In 1979, fol­low­ers of Ay­a­tol­lah Ruhol­lah Khome­ini seized power in Iran.

In 1986, Soviet dis­si­dent Natan Sha­ran­sky was re­leased by the Soviet Union af­ter nine years of cap­tiv­ity as part of an EastWest pris­oner ex­change.

In 2006, Vice Pres­i­dent Dick Cheney ac­ci­den­tally shot and wounded Harry Whit­ting­ton, a com­pan­ion dur­ing a week­end quail-hunt­ing trip in Texas.

In 2008, the Pen­tagon charged Khalid Sheikh Mo­hammed and five other de­tainees at Guan­tanamo Bay with mur­der and war crimes in con­nec­tion with the Sept. 11 at­tacks.

In 2012, pop singer Whit­ney Hous­ton, 48, was found dead in a ho­tel room bath­tub in Bev­erly Hills, Calif.

In 2013, with a few words in Latin, Pope Bene­dict XVI did what no pope had done in more than half a mil­len­nium: an­nounced his res­ig­na­tion. The bomb­shell came dur­ing a rou­tine morn­ing meet­ing of Vat­i­can car­di­nals. (The 85-year-old pon­tiff was suc­ceeded by Pope Fran­cis.)

Ten years ago: The na­tion’s top bankers went be­fore the House Fi­nan­cial Ser­vices Com­mit­tee, pledg­ing to build pub­lic trust with greater lend­ing and fewer perks. All-Star short­stop Miguel Te­jada pleaded guilty to ly­ing to Congress about steroids in base­ball. (He was sen­tenced to a year’s pro­ba­tion.) Rep. John Din­gell, DMich., who first went to Congress in 1955, be­came the long­est-serv­ing mem­ber of the U.S. House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives. Pres­i­dent Robert Mu­gabe swore in long­time ri­val Mor­gan Ts­van­gi­rai as Zim­babwe’s prime min­is­ter.

Five years ago: Pres­i­dent Barack Obama, dur­ing a joint White House news con­fer­ence with French Pres­i­dent Fran­cois Hol­lande, vowed to come down like “a ton of bricks” on busi­nesses that vi­o­lated Ira­nian sanc­tions while nu­clear ne­go­ti­a­tions were un­der­way, and con­ceded “enor­mous frus­tra­tion” with stalled Syr­ian peace talks. At the Sochi Games, Ca­rina Vogt of Ger­many won women’s ski jump­ing’s first-ever Olympic gold medal.

One year ago: A Rus­sian pas­sen­ger plane crashed into a snowy field six min­utes af­ter tak­ing off from Moscow, killing all 65 pas­sen­gers and six crew mem­bers; in­ves­ti­ga­tors would blame hu­man er­ror, say­ing the pi­lots had re­ceived flawed air speed read­ings af­ter fail­ing to turn on a heat­ing unit for the mea­sure­ment equip­ment. Amid swirling winds, 17-year-old snow­boarder Red Gerard won the U.S.’ first gold medal of the 2018 Win­ter Olympics in South Korea, cap­tur­ing the men’s slopestyle event. Singer Vic Da­mone, who pos­sessed what Frank Si­na­tra once called “the best pipes in the busi­ness,” died in Florida at age 89.

To­day’s Birth­days: Ac­tor Con­rad Ja­nis is 91. Fash­ion de­signer Mary Quant is 85. Ac­tress Tina Louise is 81. Ban­dleader Ser­gio Men­des is 78. Ac­tor Philip Anglim is 67. For­mer Florida Gov. Jeb Bush is 66. Ac­tress Cather­ine Hick­land is 63. Ac­tress Carey Low­ell is 58. Singer Sh­eryl Crow is 57. For­mer Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin is 55. Ac­tress Jen­nifer Anis­ton is 50. Ac­tor Damian Lewis is

48. Ac­tress Marisa Petroro is 47. Singer D’An­gelo is 45. Ac­tor Brice Beck­ham is 43. Rock M-C/vo­cal­ist Mike Shin­oda (Linkin Park) is 42. Singer-ac­tress Brandy is 40. Ac­tor Matthew Lawrence is 39. Rhyth­mand-blues singer Kelly Row­land is

38. Ac­tress Natalie Dormer is 37. Singer Aubrey O’Day is 35. Ac­tor Tay­lor Laut­ner is 27.

Thought for To­day: “Life does not count by years. Some suf­fer a life­time in a day, and so grow old be­tween the ris­ing and the set­ting of the sun.” — Au­gusta Jane Evans, Amer­i­can nov­el­ist (1835-1909).

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