TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Richmond Times-Dispatch - - Television Listings -

To­day is Fri­day, March 20, the 80th day of 2020. There are 286 days left in the year.

On March 20, 1854, the Repub­li­can Party of the United States was founded by slav­ery op­po­nents at a school­house in Ripon, Wis.

In 1413, Eng­land’s King Henry IV died; he was suc­ceeded by Henry V.

In 1760, a 10-hour fire erupted in Bos­ton, de­stroy­ing 349 build­ings and burn­ing 10 ships, but claim­ing no lives.

In 1815, Napoleon Bon­a­parte re­turned to Paris af­ter es­cap­ing his ex­ile on Elba, be­gin­ning his “Hun­dred Days” rule.

In 1899, Martha M. Place of Brook­lyn, N.Y., be­came the first woman to be ex­e­cuted in the electric chair as she was put to death at Sing Sing for the mur­der of her step­daugh­ter.

In 1933, the state of Florida elec­tro­cuted Giuseppe Zan­gara for shoot­ing to death Chicago Mayor An­ton J. Cer­mak at a Mi­ami event at­tended by Pres­i­dent-elect Franklin D. Roo­sevelt, the pre­sumed tar­get, the pre­vi­ous Fe­bru­ary.

In 1942, U.S. Army Gen. Dou­glas MacArthur, hav­ing evac­u­ated the Philip­pines at the or­der of Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt, told re­porters in Terowie, Aus­tralia: “I came out of Bataan, and I shall re­turn.”

In 1952, the U.S. Se­nate rat­i­fied, 66-10, a Se­cu­rity Treaty with Ja­pan.

In 1976, kid­napped news­pa­per heiress Pa­tri­cia Hearst was con­victed of armed rob­bery for her part in a San Fran­cisco bank holdup car­ried out by the Sym­bionese Lib­er­a­tion Army. (Hearst was sen­tenced to seven years in prison; she was re­leased af­ter serv­ing 22 months, and was par­doned in 2001 by Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton.)

In 1977, vot­ers in Paris chose for­mer French Prime Min­is­ter Jacques Chirac to be the French cap­i­tal’s first mayor in more than a cen­tury.

In 1995, in Tokyo, 12 peo­ple were killed, more than 5,500 oth­ers sick­ened when pack­ages con­tain­ing the deadly chem­i­cal sarin were leaked on five sep­a­rate sub­way trains by Aum Shin­rikyo cult mem­bers.

In 1996, a jury in Los An­ge­les con­victed Erik and Lyle Me­nen­dez of first-de­gree mur­der in the shot­gun slay­ings of their wealthy par­ents. (They were sen­tenced to life in prison with­out the pos­si­bil­ity of pa­role.)

In 2004, hun­dreds of thou­sands of peo­ple world­wide ral­lied against the U.S.-led war in Iraq on the first an­niver­sary of the start of the con­flict. The U.S. mil­i­tary charged six sol­diers with abus­ing in­mates at the Abu Ghraib prison.

Ten years ago: Pope Bene­dict XVI sent an un­prece­dented let­ter to Ire­land apol­o­giz­ing for chronic child abuse within the Ro­man Catholic Church, but failed to calm the anger of many vic­tims. Thou­sands of pro­test­ers — many di­rect­ing their anger at Pres­i­dent Barack Obama — marched through the na­tion’s cap­i­tal to urge im­me­di­ate with­drawal of troops from Iraq and Afghanista­n. For­mer Sec­re­tary of the In­te­rior Ste­wart Udall died in Santa Fe, N.M., at 90.

Five years ago: A jury in Gads­den, Ala., con­victed 49-year-old Joyce Hardin Gar­rard of cap­i­tal mur­der for run­ning to death her 9-year-old grand­daugh­ter, Sa­van­nah Hardin. (Gar­rard was sen­tenced to life in prison with­out pa­role; she died in Fe­bru­ary 2016.) Sui­cide bombers at­tacked a pair of mosques in the cap­i­tal of Ye­men, un­leash­ing blasts that killed 137 peo­ple.

One year ago: Mike Trout and the Los An­ge­les Angels an­nounced agree­ment on a $426.5 mil­lion 12-year con­tract, a record deal that would tie base­ball’s top player to the Angels for what would likely be the rest of his ca­reer. As Repub­li­can law­mak­ers de­nounced his comments, Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump aimed new in­vec­tive at the late Sen. John McCain, claim­ing credit for McCain’s mov­ing Wash­ing­ton funeral and com­plain­ing that he was never prop­erly thanked.

A U.N. court up­held the geno­cide and war crimes con­vic­tions of ex-Bos­nian Serb Pres­i­dent Radovan Karadzic and sen­tenced him to life be­hind bars.

To­day’s Birthdays: Pro­ducer-di­rec­tor-co­me­dian Carl Reiner is 98. Ac­tor

Hal Linden is 89. For­mer Cana­dian prime min­is­ter Brian Mul­roney is 81. Coun­try singer Don Edwards is 81. Basketball

Hall of Fame coach Pat Ri­ley is 75. Hockey Hall of Famer Bobby Orr is 72. Ac­tor Wil­liam Hurt is 70. Movie di­rec­tor Spike Lee is 63. Ac­tress Theresa Rus­sell is 63. Ac­tress Vanessa Bell Cal­loway is 63. Ac­tress Holly Hunter is 62. Ac­tress-model-de­signer Kathy Ire­land is 57. Co­me­dian Mikey Day is 40.

Thought for To­day: “Com­mon sense is ge­nius dressed in its work­ing clothes.” — Ralph Waldo Emer­son, Amer­i­can writer and poet (1803-1882).

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