Richmond Times-Dispatch



Today is Friday, Nov.

20, the 325th day of 2020. There are 41 days left in the year.

On Nov. 20,2000, lawyers for Al Gore and George W. Bush battled before the Florida Supreme Court over whether the presidenti­al election recount should be allowed to continue.

In 1620, Peregrine

White was born aboard the Mayflower in Massachuse­tts Bay; he was the first child born of English parents in present-day New England.

In 1945, 22 former Nazi officials went on trial before an internatio­nal war crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany. (Almost a year later, the Internatio­nal Military Tribune sentenced 12 of the defendants to death; seven received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life; three were acquitted.)

In 1947, Britain’s future queen, Princess Elizabeth, married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminste­r Abbey.

In 1962, President John F. Kennedy announced the end of the naval quarantine of Cuba imposed during the missile crisis, and the signing of an executive order prohibitin­g discrimina­tion in federal housing facilities.

In 1967, the U.S. Census Bureau’s Population Clock at the Commerce Department ticked past 200 million.

In 1969, the Nixon administra­tion announced a halt to residentia­l use of the pesticide DDT as part of a total phaseout. A group of American Indian activists began a 19-month occupation of Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay.

In 1985, the first version of Microsoft’s Windows operating system, Windows 1.0, was officially released.

In 2003, Michael Jackson was booked on suspicion of child molestatio­n in Santa Barbara, Calif. (Jackson was later acquitted at trial.) Record producer Phil Spector was charged with murder in the shooting death of actor Lana Clarkson at his home in Alhambra, Calif. (Spector’s first trial ended with a hung jury in 2007; he was convicted of seconddegr­ee murder in 2009 and sentenced to 19 years to life in prison.)

In 2009, Oprah Winfrey told her studio audience that she would end her talk show in 2011 after a quarter-century on the air.

Ten years ago: Pope Benedict XVI opened the door on the previously taboo subject of condoms as a way to fight HIV, saying male prostitute­s who used condoms might be beginning to assume moral responsibi­lity.

Five years ago: A week after the deadliest attacks on France in decades, shell-shocked Parisians honored the 130 victims with candles and songs.

Jonathan Pollard, a former U.S. Navy intelligen­ce analyst, was released from prison after 30 years for spying for Israel.

One year ago: Gordon Sondland, the U.S. ambassador to the European Union, told House impeachmen­t investigat­ors that President Donald Trump and his lawyer Rudy Giuliani explicitly sought a “quid pro quo” with Ukraine, leveraging an Oval Office visit for political investigat­ions of Democrats; he said it was his understand­ing that the president was holding up nearly $400 million in military aid. Former Baltimore Mayor Catherine Pugh was charged with fraud and tax evasion involving sales of her self-published children’s books to groups that did business with the government. (Pugh pleaded guilty to federal conspiracy and tax evasion charges and was sentenced to three years in prison.)

Today’s Birthdays: Actor Estelle Parsons is 93. Comedian Dick Smothers is 82. President-elect Joe Biden is 78. Actor Veronica Hamel is 77. Opera singer Barbara Hendricks is 72. Former national security adviser John Bolton is 72. Actor Bo Derek is 64. Former NFL player Mark Gastineau is 64. Pianist

Jim Brickman is 59. Actor Ming-Na is 57. Rapper Mike D is 55. Actor Joel McHale is 49. Singer Dierks Bentley is 45. Olympic gold medal gymnast Dominique Dawes is 44. Actor Jaina Lee Ortiz is 34.

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