Richmond Times-Dispatch

TODAY IN HISTORY

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Today is Tuesday, Nov. 24, the 329th day of 2020. There are 37 days left in the year.

On Nov. 24,1859, British naturalist Charles Darwin published “On the Origin of Species,” which explained his theory of evolution by means of natural selection.

In 1865, Mississipp­i became the first Southern state to enact laws that came to be known as “Black Codes” aimed at limiting the rights of newly freed Black citizens; other states of the former Confederac­y soon followed.

In 1947, a group of writers, producers and directors who became known as the “Hollywood Ten” was cited for contempt of Congress for refusing to answer questions about alleged Communist influence in the movie industry. John Steinbeck’s novel “The Pearl” was first published.

In 1963, Jack Ruby shot and mortally wounded Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, in a scene captured on live television.

In 1971, a hijacker calling himself “Dan Cooper” (but who became popularly known as “D.B. Cooper”) parachuted from a Northwest Orient Airlines 727 over the Pacific Northwest after receiving $200,000 in ransom; his fate remains unknown.

In 1974, the bone fragments of a 3.2 millionyea­r-old hominid were discovered by scientists in Ethiopia; the skeletal remains were nicknamed “Lucy.”

In 1985, the hijacking of an Egyptair jetliner parked on the ground in Malta ended violently as Egyptian commandos stormed the plane. Fifty-eight people died in the raid, in addition to two others killed by the hijackers.

In 1987, the U.S. and the Soviet Union agreed on terms to scrap shorter- and medium-range nuclear missiles. (The Intermedia­te-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty was signed by President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev the following month.)

In 1991, rock singer Freddie Mercury died in London at age 45 of AIDSrelate­d pneumonia.

In 2000, the U.S. Supreme Court stepped into the race for theWhite House, agreeing to consider George W. Bush’s appeal against the hand recounting of ballots in Florida.

In 2014, it was announced that a grand jury in St. Louis County, Mo., had decided against indicting Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson in the death of Michael Brown; the decision enraged protesters, who set fire to buildings and cars and looted businesses in the area where Brown had been fatally shot.

In 2017, militants attacked a crowded mosque in Egypt with gunfire and rocket-propelled grenades, killing more than 300 people in the deadliest-ever attack by Islamic extremists in the country.

Ten years ago: A jury in Austin convicted former U.S. House Majority Leader TomDeLay, RTexas, on charges that he illegally funneled corporate money to Texas candidates in 2002. (DeLay’s conviction­s were overturned on appeal.)

Five years ago: In a show of Western solidarity, President Barack Obama and French President Francois Hollande met at the White House, where they vowed to escalate airstrikes against the Islamic State and bolster intelligen­cesharing following the deadly attacks in Paris.

Oneyear ago: Billionair­e and former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg formally launched aDemocrati­c bid for president. (Bloomberg would end his campaign in early March.)

Today’s Birthdays: Basketball Hall of Famer Oscar Robertson is 82. Country singer Johnny Carver is 80. Former NFL Commission­er Paul Tagliabue is 80. Rock drummer Pete Best is 79. Actor-comedian Billy Connolly is 78. Singer Lee Michaels is 75. Actor Dwight Schultz is 73. Actor Stanley Livingston is 70. Actor Denise Crosby is 63. Actor Conleth Hill is 56. Actor Danielle Nicolet is 47. Actor-writer-director Stephen Merchant is 46. Actor Colin Hanks is 43. Actor Katherine Heigl is 42. Actor Sarah Hyland is 30.

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