Richmond Times-Dispatch

T O D AY INHISTORY

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Today is Wednesday, Nov. 25, the 330th day of 2020. There are 36 days left in the year.

On Nov. 25,2002, President George W. Bush signed legislatio­n creating the Department of Homeland Security, and appointed Tom Ridge to be its head.

In 1783, the British evacuated New York during the Revolution­ary War.

In 1915, a new version of the Ku Klux Klan, targeting blacks, Jews, Catholics and immigrants, was founded by William Joseph Simmons.

In 1961, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise, was commission­ed.

In 1963, the body of President John F. Kennedy was laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery; his widow, Jacqueline, lighted an “eternal flame” at the gravesite.

In 1986, the Iran-Contra affair erupted as President Ronald Reagan and Attorney General Edwin Meese revealed that profits from secret arms sales to Iran had been diverted to Nicaraguan rebels.

In 1999, Elian Gonzalez, a 5-year-old Cuban boy, was rescued by a pair of sport fishermen off the coast of Florida, setting off an internatio­nal custody battle.

In 2001, as the war in Afghanista­n entered its eighth week, CIA officer Johnny “Mike” Spann was killed during a prison uprising in Mazar-e-Sharif, becoming America’s first combat casualty of the conflict.

In 2009, Toyota said it would replace the gas pedals on 4 million vehicles in the United States because the pedals could get stuck in the floor mats and cause sudden accelerati­on.

In 2014, attorneys for Michael Brown’s family vowed to push for federal charges against the Ferguson, Mo., police officer who killed the Black 18-year-old, a day after a grand jury declined to indict Darren Wilson. (The Justice Department later declined to prosecute

Wilson.)

In 2016, Fidel Castro, who led his rebels to victorious revolution in 1959, embraced Soviet-style communism and defied the power of 10 U.S. presidents during his half-century of rule in Cuba, died at age 90.

In 2018, U.S. border agents fired tear gas on hundreds of migrants protesting near the border with Mexico after some of them tried to get through the fencing and wire separating the two countries; U.S. authoritie­s temporaril­y shut down the border crossing from Tijuana, Mexico, where thousands were waiting to apply for asylum.

Ten years ago: South Korea’s defense minister, Kim Tae-young, resigned amid intense criticism two days after a North Korean artillery attack killed four people on a small island near the Koreas’ disputed frontier.

Five years ago: Vice President Joe Biden attended an urgent summit of southeast European leaders in Zagreb, Croatia, focusing on tensions and security concerns over a surge of asylum-seekers and migrants crossing the region.

One year ago: Defense Secretary Mark Esper said President Donald Trump had ordered him to stop a disciplina­ry review of Navy SEAL Edward Gallagher, who was accused of battlefiel­d misconduct. Charles Schwab announced that it was buying rival TD Ameritrade, which would combine two of the biggest players in the online brokerage industry.

Today’s Birthdays: Pro Football Hall of Fame coach Joe Gibbs is 80. Author, actor and economist Ben Stein is 76. Actor John Larroquett­e is 73. Author Charlaine Harris is 69. Retired MLB All-Star Bucky Dent is 69. Dance judge Bruno Tonioli is 65. Singer Amy Grant is 60. Former NFL quarterbac­k Bernie Kosar is 57. Rock singermusi­cian Tim Armstrong is 55. Singer Stacy Lattisaw is 54. Actor Jill Hennessy is 51. Actor Christina Applegate is 49. Former NFL quarterbac­k Donovan McNabb is 44. Former first daughter Barbara Pierce Bush is 39. Former first daughter Jenna Bush Hager is 39.

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