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Today’s high­light:

On Jan. 12, 1959, Berry Gordy Jr. founded Mo­town Records (orig­i­nally Tamla Records) in Detroit.

On this date:

1828: The United States and Mex­ico signed a Treaty of Lim­its defin­ing the bound­ary be­tween the two coun­tries to be the same as the one es­tab­lished by an 1819 treaty be­tween the U.S. and Spain.

1915: The U.S. House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives re­jected, 204174, a pro­posed con­sti­tu­tional amend­ment to give women na­tion­wide the right to vote. 1932: Hat­tie W. Car­away be­came the first woman elected to the U.S. Sen­ate after ini­tially be­ing ap­pointed to serve out the re­main­der of the term of her late hus­band, Thad­deus.

1945: Dur­ing World War II, So­viet forces be­gan a ma­jor, suc­cess­ful of­fen­sive against the Ger­mans in East­ern Europe. Air­craft from U.S. Task Force 38 sank about 40 Ja­panese ships off In­dochina.

1948: The U.S. Supreme

Court, in Sipuel v. Board of Re­gents of Uni­ver­sity of

Ok­la­homa, unan­i­mously ruled that state law schools could not dis­crim­i­nate against ap­pli­cants on the ba­sis of race.

1966: Pres­i­dent Lyn­don B. John­son said in his State of the Union ad­dress that the U.S. mil­i­tary should stay in Viet­nam un­til Com­mu­nist ag­gres­sion there was stopped. The TV se­ries “Bat­man,” star­ring Adam West and Burt Ward as the Dy­namic Duo, pre­miered on ABC, air­ing twice a week on con­sec­u­tive nights. 1986: The shut­tle Columbia blasted off with a crew that in­cluded the first His­panic-Amer­i­can in space, Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz.

2000: In a 5-4 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Illi­nois v. Ward­low, gave po­lice broad au­thor­ity to stop and ques­tion peo­ple who run at the sight of an of­fi­cer. 2006: Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turk­ish gun­man who shot Pope John Paul II in 1981, was re­leased from an Is­tan­bul prison after serv­ing more than 25 years in Italy and Tur­key for the plot against the pon­tiff and the slay­ing of a Turk­ish jour­nal­ist.

Ten years ago: Act­ing at Pres­i­dent-elect Barack Obama’s be­hest, Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush agreed to ask Congress for the fi­nal $350 bil­lion in the fi­nan­cial bailout fund. In the fi­nal news con­fer­ence of his pres­i­dency, Bush vig­or­ously de­fended his record but also of­fered an ex­tra­or­di­nary list­ing of his mis­takes — in­clud­ing his op­ti­mistic Iraq speech in 2003.

Five years ago: Of­fi­cials an­nounced that Iran had agreed to limit ura­nium en­rich­ment and to open its nu­clear program to daily in­spec­tion by in­ter­na­tional ex­perts.

One year ago: Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump’s White House physi­cian, Dr. Ronny Jack­son, declared him in “ex­cel­lent health” after the pres­i­dent re­ceived his first checkup at Wal­ter Reed mil­i­tary hospi­tal. John Tun­ney, whose suc­cess­ful cam­paign for a Cal­i­for­nia seat in the U.S. Sen­ate was the ba­sis for the Robert Red­ford film “The Can­di­date,” died in Los Angeles at the age of 83.

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