RSWLiving - - ON WHEELS -

The So­ci­ety of Au­to­mo­tive En­gi­neers has de­fined a six-level au­ton­omy scale: Level 0 means no au­to­ma­tion. Level 1 and Level 2 have ad­vanced driver-as­sis­tance sys­tems, such as Au­to­matic Emer­gency Brak­ing or Lane Keep­ing As­sist. Only one au­to­mated sys­tem op­er­ates at a time in Level 1 cars, while in Level 2 mul­ti­ple au­to­mated func­tion­al­i­ties work in tan­dem. Level 3 has what most peo­ple would call “self-driv­ing.” The ve­hi­cle can take over all of the driv­ing func­tions un­der cer­tain cir­cum­stances. The driver can fully dis­en­gage un­til the ve­hi­cle re­quires in­ter­ven­tion.

Level 4 and Level 5 are con­sid­ered fully au­tonomous—in all sit­u­a­tions and driv­ing en­vi­ron­ments—the hu­man has moved from be­ing the driver to just a pas­sen­ger. Level 4 cars still have con­trols, while Level 5 ve­hi­cles have no hu­man-op­er­ated ve­hi­cle con­trols. Both can pro­vide in­de­pen­dent mo­bil­ity to those with phys­i­cal dis­abil­i­ties.

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