San Francisco Chronicle

TV hearings won’t change history

- By David Zurawik David Zurawik is the Baltimore Sun’s media critic. Distribute­d by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

Once upon a time, televised hearings could galvanize the nation, set the national agenda and even change the course of history. Think of the ArmyMcCart­hy hearings in 1954, which spelled the end of Wisconsin Republican Sen. Joseph McCarthy and his witch hunts for Communists, or the Senate Watergate Hearings in 1973, which ultimately led to the resignatio­n of President Richard Nixon.

But that kind of impact by TV hearings is a thing of the past in our ondemand, fragmented, digital media age. It’s one more thing that has changed for the worse in part thanks to new media technology and the way it has helped mostly divide rather than unite us as promised.

That’s what I was thinking as the first House select committee hearing on the Jan. 6 attack on the Capitol came to an end. I had been deeply moved by the testimony of four police officers who battled the mob that stormed the Capitol and tried to halt the peaceful transfer of presidenti­al power. Their courage, sense of duty and scars were on clear display.

All four gave gripping testimony: U.S. Capitol Police Sgt. Aquilino Gonell, U.S. Capitol Police Officer Harry Dunn and District of Columbia Metropolit­an Police Officers Michael Fanone and Daniel Hodges. Dunn’s replay of the racial epithets and threats hurled against him by members of the mob should be enough to make any decent person publicly acknowledg­e the virulent racism of some members of the mob that former President Donald Trump characteri­zed as “loving.”

I will long remember Dunn’s testimony as well as that of Fanone who slammed his hand down on the table as his voice broke detailing what he suffered and continues to endure.

“At the hospital, doctors told me that I had suffered a heart attack, and I later was diagnosed with a concussion, a traumatic brain injury and posttrauma­tic stress disorder,” he testified.

“I feel like I went to hell and back to protect ... the people in this room,” he continued. “But too many are telling me that hell doesn’t exist. Or that hell wasn’t actually that bad. The indifferen­ce shown to my colleagues is disgracefu­l.”

In an earlier time when we were a fournetwor­k TV universe (CBS, NBC, ABC and PBS) and there were no mainstream channels like One America News Network, Newsmax or Fox News letting ideology rather than journalism drive their coverage, testimony like that might have moved the nation.

But our patterns of media consumptio­n — and the ways in which we process such informatio­n — have been changed by the technology.

To feel the full effect of the testimony Tuesday, I would argue that you had to watch it live and mostly straight through. You had to sit down in front of the screen and let it flow all over you, as the late New Yorker critic Pauline Kael once wrote about experienci­ng a powerful film. If you want the full visceral, emotional experience, that’s how you do it.

Instead most of us watch it sliced and diced into short bites of video or audio.

But in making that choice, you are already subjecting yourself to the filter and point of view of others who are selecting what parts of the event are deemed worthy of inclusion and how they are contextual­ized. Worse, the places we are most likely to go for those videos reside in the same ideologica­l silos we do.

The extremes of that process were most clearly displayed on rightwing outlets like Fox News Tuesday. That channel’s primetime coverage featured hosts Tucker Carlson and Laura Ingraham ridiculing members of Congress who responded emotionall­y to the testimony as well as the law enforcemen­t officers who shared their experience­s and feelings.

On her show, Ingraham gave out mock performanc­e awards. Fanone was given “best performanc­e in an action role” for the testimony I quoted. Dunn was given the mock award for “blatant use of partisan politics when facts fail” for his testimony above.

Carlson laughed into the camera after playing a clip of Fanone saying, “I’ve been left with psychologi­cal trauma and emotional anxiety after having survived such a horrific event.”

After showing a clip of Gonell, Carlson said, “When they lie and they don’t stop lying, when they compare it to the Civil War or 9/11, they make us all very cynical and make us suspect that they are lying all the time,” he said.

That’s how you show a clip and then totally recontextu­alize it with a sneer or an “us” versus “they” statement on partisan cable TV.

Understand­ing why TV hearings no longer have the impact of old didn’t come in a flash. Two hearings in recent years I thought were going to change hearts, minds and maybe history: the hearing on Brett Kavanaugh’s Supreme Court nomination in 2018 that featured testimony from Christine Blasey Ford who accused him of sexual assault, and the hearing with former Trump attorney Michael Cohen in 2019 that was chaired by Rep. Elijah Cummings. I thought the painful testimony of Blasey Ford and the poetic closing remarks from Cummings warning that one day “when we are dancing with the angels” we would be asked what we did to “keep our democracy intact” would resonate through the culture.

They did briefly. But nothing changed. Kavanaugh was confirmed to the high court, and Cohen’s former client kept on lying and behaving transgress­ively while the attorney went to jail and is now free.

I’ll be watching all the hearings about events of Jan. 6. I think they are important and necessary. But I am no longer expecting anything in Washington to change because of them.

 ?? Chip Somodevill­a / Associated Press ?? Officers Aquilino Gonell (left), Michael Fanone, Harry Dunn and Daniel Hodges pose for a photo after testifying.
Chip Somodevill­a / Associated Press Officers Aquilino Gonell (left), Michael Fanone, Harry Dunn and Daniel Hodges pose for a photo after testifying.

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