San Francisco Chronicle

Most nations lag in plans to curb climate change

- By Seth Borenstein Seth Borenstein is an Associated Press writer.

Nearly every nation is coming up short — most of them far short — in their efforts to fight climate change, and the world is unlikely to hold warming to the internatio­nally agreed-upon limit, according to a new scientific report.

Only one nation — tiny Gambia in Africa — is on track to cut emissions and undertake its share of actions to keep the world from exceeding the Paris agreement goal of limiting warming to 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit

of warming since pre-industrial times, the report said.

Only one industrial­ized nation — the United Kingdom — is even close to doing what it should to cut emissions of heattrappi­ng gases and finance clean energy for poorer nations, the Climate Action Tracker reported Wednesday.

In May, after President Biden’s climate summit, enough nations had promised big enough carbon pollution cuts that the tracker said the “emissions gap” — the difference between emissions projection­s with pledges and what’s required to meet the 2.7 degree goal — dropped 11%.

“That momentum has not been maintained,” said report co-author Bill Hare, CEO of Climate Analytics.

Unlike its previous reports, which looked only at promises to cut carbon pollution and policy changes, the new ratings include money issues. Finance is critical to climate negotiatio­ns this fall in Scotland, so the report examined commitment­s by rich nations to help pay for clean energy for poor nations, said

Hare, a climate scientist.

That hurt the United States and European Union rankings.

The report called efforts by the United States, the European Union, Germany and Japan “insufficie­nt” and more in line with global warming of 5.4 degrees since the late 19th century.

The world has already warmed 2 degrees since that time, so these countries are on track to make the world 3.4 degrees warmer than now.

While the U.S. official emissions pledge is almost sufficient, the overall grade “reflects that

Biden hasn’t got his policies in place,” said Hare. The report gave U.S. financial aid commitment­s the worst grade possible.

China, the highest carbon emitter, and third-highest carbon polluter India are what the report calls “highly insufficie­nt” or more in line with 7.2 degrees of warming since pre-industrial times.

The report lists Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Thailand on the bottom.

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