Here are a few nau­ti­cal terms you may or may not know.

Soundings - - Dispatches -

Abreast: side by side, in­di­cat­ing the ori­en­ta­tion of a ves­sel’s beam in re­gard to an­other ob­ject

Bar­ber hauler: a rig used to con­trol leech ten­sion and clew po­si­tion on a jib­sail

Do­rade box: fresh air ven­ti­la­tor that pre­vents spray or sea­wa­ter from go­ing be­low

Fore­foot: in­ter­sec­tion of the stem and keel

Gypsy: the wheel on a wind­lass that en­gages chain, also known as a “wild­cat”

High: sail­ing too much in the di­rec­tion from which the wind is blow­ing, or too close to the wind

Ir­ish pen­nant: loose, un­tidy ends of lines

Kink: twist in a line that pre­vents it from run­ning freely through a block, fair­lead or chock

Lim­ber hole: a drain hole through a frame or struc­tural mem­ber that al­lows wa­ter to drain along the keel to the deep­est part of the bilge

Over­hang: the amount a ves­sel’s stern and bow ex­tend be­yond the wa­ter­line

Mast part­ners: re­in­force­ments around the mast where it passes through the deck

Quar­an­tine: time pe­riod when a ves­sel is de­tained in iso­la­tion when en­ter­ing a for­eign coun­try

Rhumb line: a ves­sel’s course when it steers a straight line and con­stant com­pass head­ing

Sea­cock: a valve near or be­low the wa­ter­line that con­trols the flow of wa­ter in and out of the hull

Thwart: a cross­wise strut or seat

Un­der­way: when a ves­sel is not docked, an­chored or aground

Veer: to gen­tly let out a length of chain or line; a veer­ing wind shift moves clock­wise

Warp: move a ves­sel with lines from one place to an­other with­out en­gine power

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