To­day in his­tory

South Florida Sun-Sentinel (Sunday) - - Nation & World -

In 1848 the New York Her­ald re­ported the dis­cov­ery of gold in Cal­i­for­nia.

In 1929 the com­edy pro­gram “Amos ’n’ Andy,” star­ring Free­man Gos­den and Charles Cor­rell, made its coast-to-coast ra­dio de­but on NBC.

In 1934 a plebiscite in Ger­many ap­proved the vest­ing of sole ex­ec­u­tive power in Adolf Hitler.

In 1942 about 6,000 Cana­dian and Bri­tish sol­diers launched a dis­as­trous raid against the Ger­mans at Dieppe, France, suf­fer­ing about 50 per­cent ca­su­al­ties. In 1955 se­vere flood­ing in the North­east caused by the rem­nants of Hur­ri­cane Diane claimed some 200 lives.

In 1960 a tri­bunal in Moscow con­victed Amer­i­can U-2 pi­lot Fran­cis Gary Pow­ers of es­pi­onage.

In 1964 the Bea­tles opened their first full-fledged U.S. tour as they per­formed at San Fran­cisco’s Cow Palace.

In 1976 Pres­i­dent Ger­ald Ford won the Repub­li­can pres­i­den­tial nom­i­na­tion at the party’s con­ven­tion in Kansas City.

In 1977 co­me­dian Grou­cho Marx died in Los An­ge­les; he was 86.

In 1980 301 peo­ple aboard a Saudi Ara­bian L-1011 died as the jet­liner made a fiery emer­gency land­ing at the Riyadh air­port.

In 1990 Iraqi Pres­i­dent Sad­dam Hus­sein of­fered to free all for­eign­ers de­tained in Iraq and Kuwait pro­vided the United States prom­ise to with­draw its forces from Saudi Ara­bia and guar­an­tee that an in­ter­na­tional eco­nomic em­bargo would be lifted.

In 1991 Soviet hard-lin­ers an­nounced to a shocked world that Pres­i­dent Mikhail Gor­bachev had been re­moved from power. (The coup col­lapsed two days later.) Also in 1991 ri­ot­ing erupted in the Brook­lyn, N.Y., neigh­bor­hood of Crown Heights af­ter an African-Amer­i­can 7-year-old, Gavin Cato, was struck and killed by a Jewish driver from the ul­tra-Ortho­dox Lubav­itch com­mu­nity; three hours later, an African-Amer­i­can mob fa­tally stabbed Yankel Rosen­baum, a ra­bin­ni­cal stu­dent.

In 1994 Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton abruptly halted the na­tion’s 3-decade-long open­door pol­icy for Cuban refugees.

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