In 1862

South Florida Sun-Sentinel (Sunday) - - Nation & World -

Eng­land’s King Charles I dis­solved Par­lia­ment; he did not call it back for 11 years.

Thomas Jef­fer­son was ap­pointed min­is­ter to France, suc­ceed­ing Ben­jamin Franklin.

In 1785

Napoleon Bon­a­parte was forced to with­draw at the Bat­tle of Laon in France.

In 1814

the Se­nate rat­i­fied the Treaty of Guadalupe Hi­dalgo, end­ing the war with Mex­ico.

In 1848

Abra­ham Lin­coln ap­plied for a patent, the first U.S. pres­i­dent to do so.

In 1849

the U.S. gov­ern­ment is­sued its first pa­per money.

Ulysses S. Grant be­came com­man­der in chief of the Union armies in the Civil War.

In 1864

the first suc­cess­ful voice trans­mis­sion over Alexan­der Gra­ham Bell’s tele­phone took place in Bos­ton as his as­sis­tant heard Bell say, “Mr. Wat­son, come here. I want you.”

In 1876

the Sal­va­tion Army ar­rived in the United States from Eng­land.

In 1880

New York Gov. Roswell Flower signed the na­tion’s first dog-li­cens­ing law. (The li­cense fee was $2, re­new­able an­nu­ally for $1.)

In 1894

jazz mu­si­cian and com­poser Bix Bei­der­becke was born in Daven­port, Iowa.

In 1903

Ital­ian women voted in lo­cal elec­tions for the first time.

In 1946

the body of the anti-Com­mu­nist for­eign min­is­ter of Cze­choslo­vakia, Jan Masaryk, was found in the gar­den of Cz­ernin Palace in Prague. Also in 1948 fire swept through an Asheville, N.C., hospi­tal, killing nine fe­male men­tal pa­tients; among them was Zelda Fitzger­ald, 47, widow of writer F. Scott Fitzger­ald.

In 1948

Nazi wartime broad­caster Mil­dred Gil­lars, also known as “Axis Sally,” was con­victed in Wash­ing­ton

In 1949

James Earl Ray pleaded guilty in Mem­phis to the as­sas­si­na­tion of Mar­tin Luther King Jr. (Ray later re­pu­di­ated that plea, main­tain­ing his in­no­cence un­til his death.)

In 1969

“Scars­dale Diet” au­thor Dr. Her­man Tarnower was shot to death in Pur­chase, N.Y. (Jean Har­ris, con­victed of mur­der, served nearly 12 years in prison be­fore be­ing re­leased in Jan­uary 1993.)

In 1980

the United States, ac­cus­ing Moam­mar Gad­hafi of sup­port­ing in­ter­na­tional ter­ror­ism, im­posed an em­bargo on Libyan oil im­ports and cur­tailed ex­ports of high tech­nol­ogy to Libya.

In 1982

Kon­stantin Ch­er­nenko, Soviet leader for just 13 months, died at age 73.

In 1985

ac­tor Ray Mil­land died in Tor­rance, Calif.; he was 78.

In 1986

the Vatican is­sued a 40-page doc­u­ment on sci­en­tific tech­niques in­volv­ing pro­cre­ation, con­demn­ing such prac­tices as sur­ro­gate moth­er­hood, test-tube births and cloning.

In 1987

pop singer Andy Gibb died in Ox­ford, Eng­land, of heart in­flam­ma­tion; he was 30.

In 1988

Haitian ruler Lt. Gen. Pros­per Avril re­signed dur­ing a pop­u­lar up­ris­ing against his mil­i­tary regime.

In 1990

Dr. David Gunn was shot to death out­side a Pen­sacola, Fla., abor­tion clinic. (Nearly a year later, an­tiabor­tion ac­tivist Michael Grif­fin was con­victed of mur­der and sen­tenced to life in prison.)

In 1993

the Clin­ton ad­min­is­tra­tion re­leased $3 bil­lion to sup­port Mex­ico’s fal­ter­ing econ­omy. Also in 1995 for­mer Mex­i­can Pres­i­dent Car­los Sali­nas de Gor­tari fled to the United States.

In 1995

Hezbol­lah guer­ril­las launched a wave of bomb and rocket at­tacks on Is­raeli troops in south Le­banon.

In 1996

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