Stamford Advocate

Murphy gets it right about Afghanista­n

- By Greg Sargent Greg Sargent is an opinion columnist who covers national politics for the Washington Post.

Let’s keep two ideas in our heads at the same time. The first is that President Joe Biden deserves serious scrutiny over the withdrawal from Afghanista­n, and congressio­nal hearings should examine it.

The second is that no such accounting will be remotely complete if it doesn’t also examine how the current debacle is the outgrowth of 20 years of catastroph­ically wrongheade­d thinking and decisionma­king spanning four administra­tions.

Oddly, many Democrats criticizin­g Biden over the withdrawal seem stuck on the first, and are dancing gingerly around the second. It’s hard to avoid concluding that they are cowed by Republican criticism of Biden and a relentless­ly narrow media framing that lends support to the GOP position.

U.S. Sen. Chris Murphy has avoided this fallacy. The Connecticu­t Democrat is a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, which has announced hearings into Biden’s “flawed” withdrawal, which may include a look at his predecesso­r’s negotiatio­ns with the Taliban leading up to this point.

But in an interview, Murphy said he will call on the committee to broaden out their investigat­ion.

“We should be doing a full, comprehens­ive review of how we got to this moment,” Murphy told me. “You cannot tell the story of what happened around the airport in Kabul without reviewing the decisions made over the last 20 years.”

Democrats have mostly focused on the process and decisions adopted by the Biden administra­tion leading up to wrenching scenes of stranded refugees, including countless people who aided the United States. They are prepping other investigat­ions with this focus.

In some cases, Democrats have gone a bit further and implicated the Trump administra­tion’s resolution with the Taliban, which Biden mostly carried out. But many Democrats have capitulate­d to a framing that treats the only real failures here as related to Biden’s “botched execution” of the withdrawal.

This framing has been widely echoed by neutral journalist­s, but embedded in it is a very pronounced point of view. It treats it as an establishe­d, objective fact that there existed an alternate execution of the withdrawal that would have been quasi-immaculate in nature.

That framing also implicitly takes a position — in the negative — on whether a very messy withdrawal was an inevitable outgrowth of the situation that was created by 20 years of misguided policy. But this is a contested notion.

It also privileges the position of Republican­s, who want the focus narrow for obvious political reasons, since a broader focus would implicate their party. And it privileges the position of those who advocated for this war all along.

“It’s a convenient moment for Afghanista­n war cheerleade­rs,” Murphy told me. “They can focus all the nation’s attention on the immediate evacuation, absolving themselves of blame for keeping the United States in this war.”

Murphy argued that it is in the national interest to adopt a broader framing.

“Right now many Democrats are buying into Republican arguments that the Biden administra­tion is solely to blame for the chaos,” Murphy said. “That is not true. We’re seeing the regrettabl­e but inevitable consequenc­e of a 20-year war that was badly mismanaged and lasted far too long.”

“There is this fantasy that has been constructe­d by the media and members of both parties that we could leave Afghanista­n, amid a collapse of the Afghan

“You cannot tell the story of what happened around the airport in Kabul without reviewing the decisions made over the last 20 years.” U.S. Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn.

army and government, in a neat, clean way,” Murphy continued.

Importantl­y, these observatio­ns can coexist with demands for oversight and accountabi­lity on Biden’s performanc­e. We are starting to get a reasonably good idea of what happened: U.S. military planners misjudged how quickly the Afghan army would collapse.

Something also may have gone awry with the intelligen­ce — it failed to adequately capture this possibilit­y, or decisions were made despite what intelligen­ce showed. And there may have been serious logistical failings in the process of granting visas to Afghan refugees.

Congressio­nal investigat­ions are appropriat­e, because we need to know the full story and what governing weaknesses it reveals. Perhaps such an investigat­ion will reveal that an alternate approach would have been much cleaner.

But no one should be asserting this as an objective fact at this point. And regardless, it in no way requires the focus to be only on those things.

Some insist the demand for a broader focus is “partisan” or “pointing fingers” or about protecting the president politicall­y. But it’s plainly in the public interest to determine the full scope of folly that went into the entire sorry episode.

Indeed, the claim that a broader focus is “partisan” is itself a deeply biased claim: It validates and protects the position of Republican­s and the war’s initiators and longtime boosters. A broader focus would implicate Democratic supporters of the war, too.

“As Democrats we should demand that this accounting be of all the bad decisions that led us to today,” Murphy told me.

Why do few Democrats go here? Matt Duss, a foreign policy adviser to U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., who backs Biden’s decision, points to a partywide problem: Democratic presidents often face blowback from their own party when they buck hawkish Washington, D.C., convention­al wisdom.

“Whether it’s Barack Obama negotiatin­g a nuclear deal with Iran or Biden drawing down in Afghanista­n,” Duss told me, “it’s crazy that Democratic presidents face more aggressive criticism from their own party for trying to end wars or prevent them through diplomacy than they do when continuing decades-old wars or launching new ones.”

Do better, Democrats. Not because it’s good for the party. Because it’s good for the country.

 ?? Pool / Getty Images ?? U.S. Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn., in May in Washington, D.C.
Pool / Getty Images U.S. Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn., in May in Washington, D.C.

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