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Survivors struggle days after quake

Death toll tops 20K as hardships mount in cold, grim reality

- By Mehmet Guzel, Ghaith Alsayed and Zeynep Bilginsoy

KAHRAMANMA­RAS, Turkey — Tens of thousands of people who lost their homes in a catastroph­ic earthquake huddled around campfires in the bitter cold and clamored for food and water Thursday, three days after the temblor hit Turkey and Syria and killed more than 20,000.

The earthquake affected an area that is home to 13.5 million people in Turkey and an unknown number in Syria and stretches farther than the 215-mile distance from Boston to Philadelph­ia. Even with an army of people taking part in the rescue effort, crews had to pick and choose where to help.

The scene from the air showed the scope of devastatio­n, with entire neighborho­ods of high-rises reduced to twisted metal, pulverized concrete and exposed wires.

While stories of miraculous rescues briefly buoyed spirits, the grim reality of the hardship facing survivors cast a pall over devastated communitie­s.

The death toll from Monday’s 7.8 magnitude catastroph­e rose to nearly 21,000, eclipsing the more than 18,400 who died in the 2011 earthquake off Fukushima, Japan, that triggered a tsunami and the estimated 18,000 people who died in a temblor near the Turkish capital, Istanbul, in 1999.

The new figure, which is certain to rise, included over 17,600 people in Turkey and more than 3,300 in civil war-torn Syria. Tens of thousands were also injured.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called the quake “the disaster of the century.”

Even though experts say people could survive for a week or more, the chances of finding survivors in the freezing temperatur­es were dimming. As emergency crews and panicked relatives dug through the rubble — and occasional­ly found people alive — the focus began to shift to demolishin­g dangerousl­y unstable structures.

The DHA news agency broadcast the rescue of a 10-year-old in Antakya. The agency said medics had to amputate an arm to free her. A 17-year-old girl emerged alive in Adiyaman, and a 20-yearold was found in Kahramanma­ras by rescuers who shouted “God is great.”

In Nurdagi, a city of around 40,000 nestled between snowy mountains some 35 milesfromt­hequake’sepicenter,vastswaths­ofthecityw­ere leveled, with scarcely a building unaffected. Even those that did not collapse were heavily damaged, making them unsafe.

Throngs of onlookers, mostly family members of people trapped inside, watched as heavy machines ripped at one building that had collapsed, its floors pancaked together with little more than a few inches in between.

Mehmet Yilmaz, 67, watched from a distance as bulldozers and other demolition equipment began to bring down what remained of the building where six of his family members had been trapped, including four children.

He estimated that about 80 people were still beneath the rubble and doubted that anyone would be found alive.

“There’s no hope. We can’t give up our hope in God, but they entered the building with listening devices and dogs, and there was nothing,” Yilmaz said.

Mehmet Nasir Dusan, 67, sat watching as the remnants of the nine-story building were brought down in billowing clouds of dust. He said he held no hope of reuniting with his five family members trapped under the debris.

Still, he said, recovering their bodies would bring some small comfort.

“We’re not leaving this site until we can recover their bodies, even if it takes 10 days,” Dusan said. “My family is destroyed now.”

In Kahramanma­ras, the city closest to the epicenter, a sports hall the size of a basketball court served as a makeshift morgue to accommodat­e and identify bodies.

On the floor lay dozens of bodies wrapped in blankets or black shrouds.

At the entrance, a man wept over a black body bag that lay next to another in the bed of a small truck.

“I’m 70 years old. God should have taken me, not my son,” he cried.

Workers continued to conduct rescue operations in Kahramanma­ras, but it was clear that many who were trapped in collapsed buildings had already died. One rescue worker was heard saying that his psychologi­cal state was declining and that the smell of death was becoming too much to bear.

In northweste­rn Syria, the first U.N. aid trucks since the quake to enter the rebel-controlled area from Turkey arrived, underscori­ng the difficulty of getting help to people there.

In the Turkish city of Antakya, dozens scrambled for aid in front of a truck distributi­ng children’s coats and other supplies.

One survivor, Ahmet Tokgoz, called for the government to evacuate people from the region. Many of those who have lost their homes found shelter in tents, stadiums and other temporary accommodat­ion, but others have slept outdoors.

“Especially in this cold, it is not possible to live here,” he said. “If people haven’t died from being stuck under the rubble, they’ll die from the cold.”

The winter weather and damage to roads and airports have hampered the response.

 ?? SERGEY PONOMAREV/THE NEW YORK TIMES ?? Earthquake survivors sift through donated clothes Thursday in Antakya, Turkey. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called the 7.8 magnitude earthquake, which struck Monday,“the disaster of the century.”
SERGEY PONOMAREV/THE NEW YORK TIMES Earthquake survivors sift through donated clothes Thursday in Antakya, Turkey. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called the 7.8 magnitude earthquake, which struck Monday,“the disaster of the century.”

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