TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Sunday Star - - OPINION -

To­day is Sun­day, Jan. 13, the

13th day of 2019. There are 352 days left in the year.

To­day’s High­light in His­tory: On Jan. 13, 1982, an Air Florida

737 crashed into Wash­ing­ton, D.C.’s 14th Street Bridge and fell into the Po­tomac River while try­ing to take off dur­ing a snow­storm, killing a to­tal of 78 peo­ple; four pas­sen­gers and a flight at­ten­dant sur­vived.

On this date:

In 1794, Pres­i­dent Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton ap­proved a mea­sure adding two stars and two stripes to the Amer­i­can flag, fol­low­ing the ad­mis­sion of Ver­mont and Ken­tucky to the Union. (The num­ber of stripes was later re­duced to the orig­i­nal 13.)

In 1915, a mag­ni­tude-7 earth­quake cen­tered in Avez­zano, Italy, claimed some 30,000 lives.

In 1941, a new law went into ef­fect grant­ing Puerto Ri­cans U.S. birthright cit­i­zen­ship. Nov­el­ist and poet James Joyce died in Zurich, Switzer­land, less than a month be­fore his 59th birth­day.

In 1962, co­me­dian Ernie Ko­vacs died in a car crash in west Los An­ge­les 10 days be­fore his 43rd birth­day.

In 1964, Ro­man Catholic Bishop Karol Wo­jtyla (the fu­ture Pope John Paul II) was ap­pointed Arch­bishop of Krakow, Poland, by Pope Paul VI.

In 1968, coun­try singer Johnny Cash per­formed and recorded a pair of shows at Fol­som State Prison in Cal­i­for­nia; ma­te­rial from the con­certs was re­leased as an al­bum by Columbia Records un­der the ti­tle “Johnny Cash at Fol­som Prison,” which proved a hit.

In 1978, for­mer Vice Pres­i­dent Hu­bert H. Humphrey died in Waverly, Min­nesota, at age 66.

In 1990, L. Dou­glas Wilder of Vir­ginia be­came the na­tion’s first elected black gov­er­nor as he took the oath of of­fice in Rich­mond.

In 1992, Ja­pan apol­o­gized for forc­ing tens of thou­sands of Korean women to serve as sex slaves for its sol­diers dur­ing World War II, cit­ing newly un­cov­ered doc­u­ments that showed the Ja­pa­nese army had had a role in ab­duct­ing the so-called “com­fort women.”

In 1997, seven black sol­diers were awarded the Medal of Honor for World War II valor; the lone sur­vivor of the group, for­mer Lt. Ver­non Baker, re­ceived his medal from Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton at the White House.

In 2000, Mi­crosoft chair­man Bill Gates stepped aside as chief ex­ec­u­tive and pro­moted com­pany pres­i­dent Steve Ballmer to the po­si­tion.

In 2012, the Ital­ian lux­ury liner Costa Con­cor­dia ran aground off the Tus­can is­land of Giglio and flipped onto its side; 32 peo­ple were killed.

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