Tampa Bay Times
This week in history
APRIL 11: In 1945, during World War II, American soldiers liberated the
Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald in Germany. In 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which included the Fair Housing Act, a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
APRIL 12: In 1955, the Salk vaccine against polio was declared safe and effective.
APRIL 13: In 1970, Apollo 13, four-fifths of the way to the moon, was crippled when a tank containing liquid oxygen burst. (The astronauts managed to return safely.)
APRIL 14: In 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was shot and mortally wounded by John Wilkes Booth during a performance of Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theater in Washington. In 1828, the first edition of Noah Webster’s American Dictionary of the English Language was published.
APRIL 15: In 1947, Jackie Robinson, baseball’s first Black major league player, made his official debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers on opening day at Ebbets Field. (The Dodgers defeated the Boston Braves, 5-3.)
APRIL 16: In 2007, in one of America’s worst school attacks, a college senior killed 32 people on the campus of Virginia Tech before taking his own life.
APRIL 17: In 1961, some 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles launched the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in an attempt to topple Fidel Castro, whose forces crushed the incursion by the third day.