Tampa Bay Times

This week in history

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APRIL 11: In 1945, during World War II, American soldiers liberated the

Nazi concentrat­ion camp Buchenwald in Germany. In 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which included the Fair Housing Act, a week after the assassinat­ion of Martin Luther King Jr.

APRIL 12: In 1955, the Salk vaccine against polio was declared safe and effective.

APRIL 13: In 1970, Apollo 13, four-fifths of the way to the moon, was crippled when a tank containing liquid oxygen burst. (The astronauts managed to return safely.)

APRIL 14: In 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was shot and mortally wounded by John Wilkes Booth during a performanc­e of Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theater in Washington. In 1828, the first edition of Noah Webster’s American Dictionary of the English Language was published.

APRIL 15: In 1947, Jackie Robinson, baseball’s first Black major league player, made his official debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers on opening day at Ebbets Field. (The Dodgers defeated the Boston Braves, 5-3.)

APRIL 16: In 2007, in one of America’s worst school attacks, a college senior killed 32 people on the campus of Virginia Tech before taking his own life.

APRIL 17: In 1961, some 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles launched the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in an attempt to topple Fidel Castro, whose forces crushed the incursion by the third day.

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