Texarkana Gazette

Military moves to cut suicides, but defers action on guns

- TARA COPP AND LOLITA C. BALDOR The national suicide and crisis lifeline is available by calling or texting 988. There is also an online chat at 988lifelin­e.org

WASHINGTON — Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin ordered a number of improvemen­ts in access to mental health care on Thursday to reduce suicides in the military, but held off on endorsing more controvers­ial recommenda­tions to restrict gun and ammunition purchases by young troops, sending them to another panel for study.

An independen­t committee in late February recommende­d that the Defense Department implement a series of gun safety measures, including waiting periods for the purchase of firearms and ammunition by service members on military property and raising the minimum age for service members to buy guns and ammunition to 25.

In a memo released Thursday, Austin called for the establishm­ent of a suicide prevention working group to “assess the advisabili­ty and feasibilit­y” of recommenda­tions made by the initial study committee — which would include the gun measures.

He also asked for cost estimates and a descriptio­n of any “barriers” to implementi­ng other changes, and set a deadline of June 2 for that report. At no point did he specifical­ly refer to the gun proposals or mention gun safety.

His orders reflect increasing concerns about suicides in the military, despite more than a decade of programs and other efforts to prevent them and spur greater interventi­on by commanders, friends and family members. But his omission of any gun safety and control measures underscore­s the likelihood that they would face staunch resistance, particular­ly in Congress, where such legislatio­n has struggled in recent years.

The more immediate changes address broader access to care.

To more quickly provide help for troops who may be struggling, Austin directed the Pentagon to hire more behavioral health specialist­s and implement a scheduling system for appointmen­ts where patients receive multiple health care visits weekly when they first seek care.

He also ordered military primary care health clinics to screen for unhealthy levels of alcohol use, make unhealthy alcohol use treatment easier to receive and make sure that mental health care is available through service members’ primary care as well.

“The mental health support available for our teammates must be comprehens­ive and easy to access,” Austin said in the memo.

Brig. Gen. Pat Ryder, the Pentagon press secretary, told reporters in a briefing Thursday that Austin’s orders involved areas where the department already has the authority to take immediate steps.

“While we recognize that suicide has no single cause, and that no single preventati­ve action, treatment or cure will eliminate suicide altogether, we will exhaust every effort to promote the wellness, health and morale of our total force,” Ryder said.

The initial study committee recommende­d that the department require anyone living in military housing to register all privately owned firearms. In addition, the panel said the department should restrict the possession and storage of privately owned firearms in military barracks and dorms.

Confirming findings in annual suicide reports, the panel noted that about 66% of all active-duty military suicides —- and more than 70% of those by National Guard and Reserve members — are done with firearms. It said reducing access to guns could prevent some deaths.

Craig Bryan, a clinical psychologi­st and member of the Suicide Prevention and Response Independen­t Review Committee, said the department should slow down troops’ access to guns — specifical­ly those bought in stores on bases — so people under stress can survive periods of high risk.

He likened the expanded gun safety measures to requiremen­ts that the department puts on motorcycle usage — such as mandated helmets — that are often more strict than some state laws. Asked how likely such changes would be, Bryan said he believes troops are more receptive to such limits than civilians may be.

 ?? (AP photo/Andrew Harnik) ?? Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin speaks Wednesday during a briefing with Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Pentagon in Washington.
(AP photo/Andrew Harnik) Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin speaks Wednesday during a briefing with Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Pentagon in Washington.

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