On this Date

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BIRTHDAYS

Lin­guist and po­lit­i­cal philoso­pher Noam Chom­sky is 90. Blue­grass singer Bobby Os­borne is

87. Ac­tress Ellen Burstyn is

86. For­mer Sen. Thad Cochran, R-Miss., is 81. Ac­tor-di­rec­tor-pro­ducer

James Keach is 71. Coun­try singer Gary Morris is 70. Singer-song­writer Tom Waits is 69. Ac­tress

Priscilla Barnes is 61. For­mer “Tonight Show” an­nouncer Edd Hall is 60. Ac­tor Pa­trick Fabian is 54. Ac­tor Jef­frey Wright is 53. Ac­tor C. Thomas How­ell is

52. Rap­per-pro­ducer Kon Ar­tis is 44. Latin singer

Frankie J is 42. Coun­try singer Sunny Sweeney is

42. Ac­tor Chris Chalk is 41. Ac­tress Shiri Ap­pleby is

40. Pop-rock singer/ celebrity judge Sara Bareilles is 39. Ac­tress

Jen­nifer Car­pen­ter is 39. Ac­tor Jack Hus­ton is 36. Singer Aaron Carter is 31.

TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

In 43 B.C., Ro­man states­man and scholar Mar­cus Tul­lius Cicero was slain at the or­der of the Sec­ond Tri­umvi­rate.

In 1787, Delaware be­came the first state to rat­ify the U.S. Con­sti­tu­tion.

In 1911, China abol­ished the re­quire­ment that men wear their hair in a queue, or pony­tail.

In 1917, dur­ing World War I, the United States de­clared war on Aus­tria-Hun­gary.

In 1941, Ja­pan launched a sur­prise at­tack on the U.S. Navy base at Pearl Har­bor in Hawaii as part of its plan to con­quer South­east Asian ter­ri­to­ries; the raid, which claimed 2,400 Amer­i­can lives, prompted the United States to de­clare war against Ja­pan the next day.

In 1946, fire broke out at the Winecoff Ho­tel in At­lanta; the blaze killed 119 peo­ple, in­clud­ing ho­tel founder W. Frank Winecoff.

In 1972, Amer­ica’s last moon mis­sion was launched as Apollo 17 blasted off from Cape Canaveral.

In 1987, 43 peo­ple were killed af­ter a gun­man aboard a Pa­cific South­west Air­lines jet­liner in Cal­i­for­nia ap­par­ently opened fire on a fel­low pas­sen­ger, the pi­lots and him­self, caus­ing the plane to crash.

In 1993, a gun­man opened fire on a Long Is­land Rail Road com­muter train, killing six peo­ple and wound­ing 19. (The shooter was later sen­tenced to a min­i­mum of 200 years in prison.)

In 2001, Tal­iban forces aban­doned their last bas­tion in Afghanistan, flee­ing the south­ern city of Kan­da­har.

In 2004, Hamid Karzai was sworn in as Afghanistan’s first pop­u­larly elected pres­i­dent.

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