US and Mex­ico dis­cuss deal on asy­lum-seek­ers

The Charlotte Observer (Sunday) - - Nation & World - BY JOSHUA PART­LOW AND NICK MIROFF Wash­ing­ton Post

The Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion is work­ing to win the sup­port of Mex­ico’s in­com­ing govern­ment for a plan to re­make U.S. bor­der pol­icy by re­quir­ing asy­lum-seek­ers to wait in Mex­ico while their claims move through U.S. courts, ac­cord­ing to Mex­i­can of­fi­cials and se­nior mem­bers of Pres­i­dent-elect An­drés Manuel López Obrador’s tran­si­tion team.

The agree­ment would break with long-stand­ing asy­lum rules and place a for­mi­da­ble bar­rier in the path of Cen­tral Amer­i­can mi­grants at­tempt­ing to reach the United States and es­cape poverty and vi­o­lence. By reach­ing the ac­cord, the Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion has also over­come Mex­ico’s his­toric ret­i­cence to deepen co­op­er­a­tion with the United States on an is­sue widely seen in Mex­ico as Amer­ica’s prob­lem.

“Pres­i­dent (Don­ald) Trump has de­vel­oped a strong re­la­tion­ship with the in­com­ing López Obrador Ad­min­is­tra­tion, and we look for­ward to work­ing with them on a wide range of is­sues,” White House spokesman Ho­gan Gi­d­ley said in a state­ment.

Ac­cord­ing to out­lines of the plan, known as Re­main in Mex­ico, asy­lum ap­pli­cants at the bor­der will have to stay in Mex­ico while their cases are pro­cessed, po­ten­tially end­ing the sys­tem, which Trump de­cries as “catch and re­lease,” that has gen­eral- ly al­lowed those seek­ing refuge to wait on safer U.S. soil.

“For now, we have agreed to this pol­icy of Re­main in Mex­ico,” said Olga Sánchez Cordero, Mex­ico’s in­com­ing in­te­rior min­is­ter, the top do­mes­tic pol­icy of­fi­cial for López Obrador, who takes of­fice Dec. 1. In an in­ter­view with The Wash­ing­ton Post, she called it a “short-term so­lu­tion.”

“The medium- and long-term so­lu­tion is that peo­ple don’t mi­grate,” Sánchez Cordero said. “Mex­ico has open arms and ev­ery­thing, but imag­ine one car­a­van af­ter an­other af­ter an­other. That would also be a prob­lem for us.”

Later in the day, how­ever, the same of­fi­cial is­sued a con­tra­dict­ing state­ment.

“There is no agree­ment of any sort be­tween the in­com­ing Mex­i­can govern­ment and the U.S. govern­ment,” Sánchez Cordero told the As­so­ci­ated Press.

Sanchez did not ex­plain in the state­ment why The Wash­ing­ton Post had quoted her as say­ing there had been agree­ment. The White House did not im­me­di­ately re­spond to re­quests for com­ment.

The New York Times re­ported on its web­site that in­com­ing mem­bers of the Mex­i­can govern­ment would meet on Sun­day to dis­cuss op­tions, in­clud­ing the Re­main in Mex­ico plan.

While they re­main anx­ious that the deal could fall apart, U.S. of­fi­cials view this as a po­ten­tial break­through that could de­ter mi­gra­tion and the for­ma­tion of ad­di­tional car­a­vans that orig­i­nate in Cen­tral Amer­ica and cross through Mex­ico to reach the United States. They have qui­etly en­gaged in sen­si­tive talks with se­nior Mex­i­can of­fi­cials, at­tempt­ing to of­fer a diplo­matic coun­ter­bal­ance to Pres­i­dent Trump’s threats and ul­ti­ma­tums.

Alarmed by Trump’s de­ploy­ment of U.S. mil­i­tary forces to Cal­i­for­nia, Ari­zona and Texas, and his threats to close busy bor­der cross­ings, Mex­i­can of­fi­cials were fur­ther de­ter­mined to take ac­tion af­ter mi­grants trav­el­ing as part of a car­a­van forced their way onto Mex­i­can soil last month, push­ing past po­lice block­ades at the bor­der with Gu­atemala.

The prospect of keep­ing thou­sands of Cen­tral Amer­i­can asy­lum seek­ers for months or years in drug car­tel-dom­i­nated Mex­i­can bor­der states — some of the most vi­o­lent in the coun­try — has trou­bled hu­man rights ac­tivists and oth­ers who worry that such a plan could put mi­grants at risk and un­der­mine their law­ful right to ap­ply for asy­lum.

RO­DRIGO ABD AP

Hon­duran mi­grant Ge­n­e­sis Be­len Me­jia Flores, 7, waves an Amer­i­can flag at U.S. bor­der con­trol he­li­copters over­head in Ti­juana, Mex­ico, Satur­day. The mayor of Ti­juana has de­clared a hu­man­i­tar­ian cri­sis in his city, where about 5,000 mi­grants are en­camped.

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