The Columbus Dispatch
Today is Monday, March 20, the 79th day of 2023. There are 286 days left in the year. On this date in:
1815: Napoleon Bonaparte returned to Paris after escaping his exile on Elba, beginning his “Hundred Days” rule.
1852: Harriet Beecher Stowe’s influential novel about slavery, “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” was first published in book form after being serialized.
1854: The Republican Party of the United States was founded by slavery opponents at a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin.
1922: The decommissioned USS Jupiter, converted into the first U.S. Navy aircraft carrier, was recommissioned as the USS Langley.
1952: The U.S. Senate ratified, 66-10, a Security Treaty with Japan.
1969: John Lennon married Yoko Ono in Gibraltar.
1976: Kidnapped newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was convicted of armed robbery for her part in a San Francisco bank holdup carried out by the Symbionese Liberation Army. (Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison; she was released after serving 22 months, and was pardoned in 2001 by President Bill Clinton.)
1995: In Tokyo, 12 people were killed, more than 5,500 others sickened when packages containing the deadly chemical sarin were leaked on five separate subway trains by Aum Shinrikyo cult members.
1996: A jury in Los Angeles convicted Erik and Lyle Menendez of first-degree murder in the shotgun slayings of their wealthy parents. (They were sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.)
2014: President Barack Obama ordered economic sanctions against nearly two dozen members of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s inner circle and a major bank that provided them support, raising the stakes in an East-west showdown over Ukraine.
2020: The governor of Illinois ordered residents to remain in their homes except for essential needs, joining similar efforts in California and New York to limit the spread of the coronavirus. Stocks tumbled again on Wall Street, ending their worst week since the 2008 financial crisis; the Dow fell more than 900 points to end the week with a 17% loss.
Actor Hal Linden is 92. Country singer-guitarist Ranger Doug of Riders in the Sky is 77. Blues musician Marcia Ball is 74. Drummer Carl Palmer (Asia; Emerson, Lake and Palmer) is 73. Guitarist Jimmie Vaughan (Fabulous Thunderbirds) is 72. Guitarist Jim Seales (Shenandoah) is 69. Actor Amy Aquino (“Bosch,” “Brooklyn Bridge”) is 66. Actor Vanessa Bell Calloway is 66. Director Spike Lee is 66. Actor Theresa Russell is 66. Actor Holly Hunter is 65. Drummer Slim Jim Phantom (Stray Cats) is 62. Model Kathy Ireland is 60. Actor David Thewlis (“Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban”) is 60.