The Commercial Appeal

Farmers push for ‘right to repair’

Companies say proposals could reveal trade secrets

- Jesse Bedayn

DENVER – On Colorado’s northeaste­rn plains, where the pencil-straight horizon divides golden fields and blue sky, a farmer named Danny Wood scrambles to plant and harvest proso millet, dryland corn and winter wheat in short, seasonal windows. That is, until his high-tech Steiger 370 tractor conks out.

The tractor’s manufactur­er doesn’t allow Wood to make certain fixes himself, and last spring his fertilizin­g operations were stalled for three days before the servicer arrived to add a few lines of missing computer code for $950.

“That’s where they have us over the barrel, it’s more like we are renting it than buying it,” said Wood, who spent $300,000 on the used tractor.

Wood’s plight, echoed by farmers across the country, has pushed lawmakers in Colorado and 10 other states to introduce bills that would force manufactur­ers to provide the tools, software, parts and manuals needed for farmers to do their own repairs – thereby avoiding steep labor costs and delays that imperil profits.

“The manufactur­ers and the dealers have a monopoly on that repair market because it’s lucrative,” said Rep. Brianna Titone, a Democrat and one of the bill’s sponsors. “(Farmers) just want to get their machine going again.”

In Colorado, the legislatio­n is largely being pushed by Democrats while their Republican colleagues find themselves stuck in a tough spot: torn between right-leaning farming constituen­ts asking to be able to repair their own machines and the manufactur­ing businesses that oppose the idea.

The manufactur­ers argue that changing the current practice with this type of legislatio­n would force companies to expose trade secrets. They also say it would make it easier for farmers to tinker with the software and illegally crank up the horsepower and bypass the emissions controller – risking

operators’ safety and the environmen­t.

Similar arguments around intellectu­al property have been leveled against the broader campaign called “right to repair,” which has picked up steam across the country – crusading for the right to fix everything from iphones to hospital ventilator­s during the pandemic.

In 2011, Congress passed a law ensuring that car owners and independen­t mechanics – not just authorized dealership­s – had access to the necessary tools and informatio­n to fix problems.

Ten years later, the Federal Trade Commission pledged to beef up its right to repair enforcemen­t at the direction of President Joe Biden. And just last year, Titone sponsored and passed Colorado’s first right to repair law, empowering people who use wheelchair­s with the tools and informatio­n to fix them.

For the right to repair farm equipment – from thin tractors used between grapevines to behemoth combines for harvesting grain that can cost over half a million dollars – Colorado is joined by 10 states including Florida, Maryland, Missouri, New Jersey, Texas and Vermont.

Many of the bills are finding bipartisan support, said Nathan Proctor, who

leads Public Interest Research Group’s national right to repair campaign. But in Colorado’s House committee on agricultur­e, Democrats pushed the bill forward in a 9-4 vote along party lines, with Republican­s in opposition even though the bill’s second sponsor is Republican Rep. Ron Weinberg.

“That’s really surprising, and that upset me,” said the Republican Wood.

Wood’s tractor, which flies an American flag reading “Farmers First,” isn’t his only machine to break down. His grain harvesting combine was dropping into idle, but the servicer took five days to arrive on Wood’s farm – a setback that could mean a hailstorm decimates a wheat field or the soil temperatur­e moves beyond the Goldilocks zone for planting.

“Our crop is ready to harvest and we can’t wait five days, but there was nothing else to do,” Wood said. “When it’s broke down you just sit there and wait and that’s not acceptable. You can be losing $85,000 a day.”

Rep. Richard Holtorf, the Republican who represents Wood’s district and is a farmer himself, said he’s being pulled between his constituen­ts and the dealership­s in his district covering the largely rural northeast corner of the state. He voted against the measure because he believes it will financiall­y impact local dealership­s in rural areas and could jeopardize trade secrets.

“I do sympathize with my farmers,” said Holtorf, but he added, “I don’t think it’s the role of government to be forcing the sale of their intellectu­al property.”

At the packed hearing last week that spilled into a second room in Colorado’s Capitol, the core concerns raised in testimony were farmers illegally slipping around the emissions control and cranking up the horsepower.

“I know growers; if they can change horsepower and they can change emissions, they are going to do it,” said Russ Ball, sales manager at 21st Century Equipment, a John Deere dealership in Western states.

The bill’s proponents acknowledg­ed that the legislatio­n could make it easier for operators to modify horsepower and emissions controls, but they argued that farmers are already able to tinker with their machines and doing so would remain illegal.

This January, the Farm Bureau and the farm equipment manufactur­er John Deere did sign a memorandum of understand­ing – a right to repair agreement made in the free market and without government interventi­on. The agreement stipulates that John Deere will share some parts, diagnostic and repair codes, and manuals to allow farmers to do their own fixes.

The Colorado bill’s detractors laud that agreement as a strong middle ground while Titone said it wasn’t enough, as evidenced by six of Colorado’s biggest farmworker associatio­ns that support the bill. Proctor, who is tracking 20 right to repair proposals in a number of industries across the country, said the memorandum of understand­ing has fallen far short.

“Farmers are saying no,” Proctor said. “We want the real thing.”

Jesse Bedayn is a corps member for the Associated Press/report for America Statehouse News Initiative. Report for America is a nonprofit national service program that places journalist­s in local newsrooms to report on undercover­ed issues.

 ?? BRIAN BRAINERD/THE DENVER POST VIA AP FILE ?? Lawmakers in several states have introduced bills that would force farming equipment manufactur­ers to provide the tools, software, parts and manuals needed for farmers to do their own repairs.
BRIAN BRAINERD/THE DENVER POST VIA AP FILE Lawmakers in several states have introduced bills that would force farming equipment manufactur­ers to provide the tools, software, parts and manuals needed for farmers to do their own repairs.

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