The Dallas Morning News

TODAY IN HISTORY

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1546 Martin Luther, leader of the Protestant Reformatio­n in Germany, died in Eisleben.

1861 Jefferson Davis was sworn in as provisiona­l president of the Confederat­e States of America in Montgomery, Ala.

1913 Mexican President Francisco I. Madero and Vice President Jose Maria Pino Suarez were arrested during a military coup (both were shot to death on Feb. 22).

1930 Photograph­ic evidence of Pluto (now designated a “dwarf planet”) was discovered by Clyde W. Tombaugh at Lowell Observator­y in Flagstaff, Ariz.

1943 Madame Chiang Kai-shek, wife of the Chinese leader, addressed members of the Senate and then the House, becoming the first Chinese national to address both houses of the U.S. Congress.

1953 Bwana Devil, the movie that heralded the 3D fad of the 1950s, had its New York opening.

1968 The Winter Olympic Games closed in Grenoble, France.

1970 The “Chicago Seven” defendants were found not guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention; five were convicted of violating the Anti-Riot Act of 1968 (those conviction­s were later reversed).

1977 The space shuttle prototype Enterprise, sitting atop a Boeing 747, went on its debut “flight” above Edwards Air Force Base in California.

1988 Anthony M. Kennedy was sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

1997 Astronauts on the space shuttle Discovery completed their tune-up of the Hubble Space Telescope after 33 hours of spacewalki­ng; the Hubble was then released using the shuttle’s crane.

2001 Auto racing star Dale Earnhardt Sr. died in a crash at the Daytona 500; he was 49.

2017 Norma McCorvey, whose legal challenge under the pseudonym “Jane Roe” led to the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark decision that legalized abortion but who later became an outspoken opponent of the procedure, died in Katy at age 69.

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