The Dallas Morning News

TODAY IN HISTORY

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1492 A contract was signed by Christophe­r Columbus and a representa­tive of Spain’s King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, giving Columbus a commission to seek a westward ocean passage to Asia.

1895 The Treaty of Shimonosek­i ended the first Sino-japanese War.

1961 Some 1,500 Ciatrained Cuban exiles launched the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in an attempt to topple Fidel Castro, whose forces crushed the incursion by the third day.

1972 The Boston Marathon allowed women to compete for the first time; Nina Kuscsik was the first officially recognized women’s champion, with a time of 3:10:26.

1975 Cambodia’s fiveyear war ended as the capital Phnom Penh fell to the Khmer Rouge, which instituted brutal, radical policies that claimed an estimated 1.7 million lives until the regime was overthrown in 1979.

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