U.S. ap­proved thou­sands of child brides re­quests

The Detroit News - - NATION & WORLD - BY COLLEEN LONG As­so­ci­ated Press

Washington – Thou­sands of re­quests by men to bring in child and ado­les­cent brides to live in the United States were ap­proved over the past decade, ac­cord­ing to gov­ern­ment data ob­tained by The As­so­ci­ated Press. In one case, a 49-year-old man ap­plied for ad­mis­sion for a 15-year-old girl.

The ap­provals are le­gal: The Im­mi­gra­tion and Na­tion­al­ity Act does not set min­i­mum age re­quire­ments. And in weigh­ing pe­ti­tions for spouses or fi­ancees, U.S. Ci­ti­zen­ship and Im­mi­gra­tion Ser­vices goes by whether the mar­riage is le­gal in the home coun­try and then whether the mar­riage would be le­gal in the state where the pe­ti­tioner lives.

But the data raises ques­tions about whether the im­mi­gra­tion sys­tem may be en­abling forced mar­riage and about how U.S. laws may be com­pound­ing the prob­lem de­spite ef­forts to limit child and forced mar­riage. Mar­riage be­tween adults and mi­nors is not un­com­mon in the United States, and most states al­low chil­dren to marry with some re­stric­tions.

There were more than 5,000 cases of adults pe­ti­tion­ing on be­half of mi­nors and nearly 3,000 ex­am­ples of mi­nors seeking to bring in older spouses or fi­ances, ac­cord­ing to the data re­quested by the Sen­ate Home­land Se­cu­rity Com­mit­tee in 2017 and compiled into a re­port.

Some vic­tims of forced mar­riage say the lure of a U.S. pass­port com­bined with lax U.S. mar­riage laws are partly fu­el­ing the pe­ti­tions.

“My pass­port ru­ined my life,” said Naila Amin, a dual cit­i­zen from Pak­istan who grew up in New York City.

She was forcibly mar­ried at 13 in Pak­istan and ap­plied for pa­pers for her 26-year-old hus­band to come to the coun­try.

“Peo­ple die to come to Amer­ica,” she said. “I was a pass­port to him. They all wanted him here, and that was the way to do it.”

Amin, now 29, said she was be­trothed to her first cousin Tariq when she was just 8 and he was 21. The pe­ti­tion was even­tu­ally ter­mi­nated after she ran away. She said the or­deal cost her a child­hood. She was in and out of foster care and group homes, and it took a while to get her life on track.

“I was a child. I want to know: Why weren’t any red flags raised? Who­ever was pro­cess­ing this ap­pli­ca­tion, they don’t look at it? They don’t think?” Amin asked.

In Michi­gan, two Democrats and one Repub­li­can have in­tro­duced a three-bill pack­age pro­hibit­ing child mar­riage in the state.

State law rec­og­nizes the mar­riages of 16-year-olds and 17-year-olds if there is parental con­sent. A child 15 years old or younger can marry in Michi­gan if a pro­bate court ap­proves.

But the leg­is­la­tion by state Reps. Sarah An­thony, D-Lans­ing, Gra­ham Filler, R-DeWitt, and Kara Hope, DHolt, would set 18 as the min­i­mum age of con­sent for mar­riage, ban judges from is­su­ing a mar­riage cer­tifi­cate for in­di­vid­u­als un­der 18 and void mar­riages in­volv­ing mi­nors per­formed after the law be­comes ef­fec­tive. The bills would not af­fect mar­riages that were legally per­formed be­fore Jan. 1, 2020.

There is a two-step process for ob­tain­ing U.S. im­mi­gra­tion visas and green cards. Pe­ti­tions are first con­sid­ered by USCIS. If granted, they must be ap­proved by the State De­part­ment. Over­all, there were 3.5 mil­lion pe­ti­tions re­ceived from bud­get years 2007 through 2017.

Over that pe­riod, there were 5,556 ap­provals for those seeking to bring mi­nor spouses or fi­ancees, and 2,926 ap­provals by mi­nors seeking to bring in older spouses, ac­cord­ing to the data. Ad­di­tion­ally, there were 204 for mi­nors by mi­nors. Pe­ti­tions can be filed by U.S. cit­i­zens or per­ma­nent res­i­dents.

“It in­di­cates a prob­lem. It in­di­cates a loop­hole that we need to close,” Repub­li­can Sen. Ron John­son of Wis­con­sin told the AP.

Amin

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