By JOHN G. BAILEY Dec. 6, 1865: Thirteenth Amendment of US Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery.
Dec. 7, 1941: Three hundred-fifty three carrierbased planes of the Japanese Imperial Navy severely damage US naval presence in the Pacific with surprise dawn attack on Pearl Harbor, killing 2,403. Next day, Congress declares war on Japan. Dec. 8, 1980: John Lennon, age 40, shot to death outside his New York City home by Mark David Chapman;
stricken mourners gather within hours for impromptu vigils. Dec. 9, 1964: John Coltrane Quartet records their greatest work, “A Love Supreme,” at Van Gelder Studio in New Jersey.
Dec. 10, 1936: Edward VIII signs Instrument of Abdication, giving up the English throne so he can marry socialite and divorcee Wallis Simpson. She grew up in Baltimore and attended Oldfields School.
Dec. 11, 1917: Thirteen black US soldiers hanged for participation
in the Houston Riot during World War I.
Dec. 12, 1800: Washington, D.C. established as US capital. Thirty-six of the 40 boundary stones marking the town’s territory still exist in their original locations.