WATCH­ING THE BOT­TOM LINE

The Fresno Bee (Sunday) - - News -

The costs of elec­tric­ity, ga­so­line, diesel and other fu­els – and the ve­hi­cles them­selves – are all part of the equa­tion when it comes to peo­ple de­cid­ing what kind of ve­hi­cle to buy.

The Al­ter­na­tive Fu­els Data Cen­ter re­ports that if elec­tric­ity costs 11 cents per kilo­watt hour (kWh) and the ve­hi­cle con­sumes 34 kWh to travel 100 miles, the cost per mile is about 4 cents. At that cost for elec­tric­ity, an all-elec­tric ve­hi­cle with a range of 70 miles will cost about $2.64 to fully recharge. “This is about the same as op­er­at­ing an av­er­age cen­tral air con­di­tioner for about 6 hours,” the fed­eral cen­ter es­ti­mated.

Elec­tric rates for most PG&E res­i­den­tial cus­tomers in the Val­ley, how­ever, are higher – about 28 cents per kWh. At that rate, a full charge on a ve­hi­cle with a 70-mile range costs about $6.72, or just un­der 10 cents per mile. In the mean­time, the cur­rent av­er­age price for reg­u­lar un­leaded ga­so­line in Fresno is about $3.60 per gal­lon. Just how that stacks up to an elec­tric ve­hi­cle will de­pend on the en­ergy ef­fi­ciency of your ve­hi­cle, but if you get 30 miles per gal­lon, that works out to a fuel cost of 12 cents per mile.

Both the state and fed­eral gov­ern­ments, as well as util­i­ties and local air pol­lu­tion agen­cies, of­fer in­cen­tives – tax cred­its or re­bates – for cus­tomers who buy plug-in hy­brid or other zero-emis­sion ve­hi­cles, ac­cord­ing to the

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