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BIRTH­DAYS

Coun­try mu­si­cian Joey, the CowPolka King (Rid­ers in the Sky) is 70. Rock singer-mu­si­cian Kim Wil­son (The Fab­u­lous Thun­der­birds) is 68. Singer Jett Wil­liams is 66. Ac­tor-co­me­dian Rowan Atkin­son is 64. Ac­tor Scott Bryce is 61. R&B singer Kathy Sledge is 60. TV chef Nigella Law­son is 59. R&B singer Eric Wil­liams (BLACKstreet) is 59. Movie direc­tor John Sin­gle­ton is 51. Ac­tor Aron Eisen­berg is 50. Ac­tor Nor­man Ree­dus is 50. TV per­son­al­ity Julie Chen is 49. Ac­tor Danny Pin­tauro (TV: “Who’s the Boss?”) is 43. Ac­tress Cris­tela Alonzo is 40. Ac­tress Rinko Kikuchi is 38. Ac­tor Ed­die Red­mayne is 37. Ac­tress-co­me­dian Kate McKin­non is 35. Rock singer Alex Turner (Arc­tic Mon­keys) is 33.

TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

In 1838, Sa­muel Morse and Al­fred Vail gave the first suc­cess­ful pub­lic demon­stra­tion of their tele­graph in Mor­ris­town, New Jer­sey.

In 1912, New Mex­ico be­came the 47th state.

In 1919, the 26th pres­i­dent of the United States, Theodore Roo­sevelt, died in Oys­ter Bay, New York, at age 60.

In 1968, a sur­gi­cal team at Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity School of Medicine in Palo Alto, Cal­i­for­nia, led by Dr. Nor­man Shumway per­formed the first U.S. adult heart trans­plant, plac­ing the heart of a 43-year-old man in a 54-year-old pa­tient (the re­cip­i­ent died 15 days later).

In 1974, year-round day­light sav­ing time be­gan in the United States on a trial ba­sis as a fuel-sav­ing mea­sure in re­sponse to the OPEC oil em­bargo.

In 1993, au­thor­i­ties res­cued Jen­nifer Stolpa and her in­fant son, Clay­ton, af­ter Jen­nifer’s hus­band, James, suc­ceeded in reach­ing help, ending the fam­ily’s eight-day or­deal af­ter be­com­ing lost in the snow-cov­ered Ne­vada desert. Jazz trum­peter Dizzy Gille­spie, 75, died in En­gle­wood, New Jer­sey.

In 1994, fig­ure skater Nancy Ker­ri­gan was clubbed on the leg by an as­sailant at Detroit’s Cobo Arena; four men, in­clud­ing the ex-hus­band of Ker­ri­gan’s ri­val, Tonya Hard­ing, went to prison for their roles in the at­tack. (Hard­ing pleaded guilty to con­spir­acy to hin­der pros­e­cu­tion, but de­nied any ad­vance knowl­edge about the as­sault.)

In 2001, with Vice Pres­i­dent Al Gore pre­sid­ing in his ca­pac­ity as pres­i­dent of the Se­nate, Congress for­mally cer­ti­fied Ge­orge W. Bush the win­ner of the bit­terly con­tested 2000 pres­i­den­tial elec­tion.

In 2003, Iraqi Pres­i­dent Sad­dam Hus­sein ac­cused U.N. in­spec­tors of en­gag­ing in “intelligence work” in­stead of search­ing for sus­pected nu­clear, chem­i­cal and bi­o­log­i­cal weapons in his coun­try.

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