To­day in his­tory

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In 1865, eight peo­ple, in­clud­ing Mary Sur­ratt and Dr. Sa­muel Mudd, were con­victed by a mil­i­tary com­mis­sion of con­spir­ing with John Wilkes Booth, the as­sas­sin of Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln.

In 1918, la­bor ac­tivist and so­cial­ist Eu­gene V. Debs was ar­rested in Cleve­land, charged un­der the Es­pi­onage Act of 1917 for a speech he’d made two weeks ear­lier de­nounc­ing U.S. in­volve­ment in World War I. (Debs was sen­tenced to prison and dis­en­fran­chised for life.)

In 1934, Adolf Hitler launched his “blood purge” of po­lit­i­cal and mil­i­tary ri­vals in Ger­many in what came to be known as “The Night of the Long Knives.”

In 1953, the first Chevro­let Corvette, with its in­no­va­tive fiber­glass body, was built at a Gen­eral Mo­tors assem­bly fa­cil­ity in Flint, Michi­gan.

In 1963, Pope Paul VI was crowned the 262nd head of the Ro­man Catholic Church.

In 1966, the Na­tional Or­ga­ni­za­tion for Women (NOW) was founded in Wash­ing­ton, D.C.

In 1971, the Supreme Court ruled, 6-3, that the gov­ern­ment could not prevent The New York Times or The Wash­ing­ton Post from pub­lish­ing the Pen­tagon Papers. A Soviet space mis­sion ended in tragedy when three cos­monauts aboard Soyuz 11 were found dead of as­phyx­ia­tion in­side their cap­sule af­ter it had re­turned to Earth.

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